検索結果 164件中 1-20 を表示

  • なぜ日本では記録管理・アーカイブズが根付かないのか(特別講演)

    小谷 允志

    欧米に比べ日本の記録管理・アーカイブズは、立ち後れが目立つ。なぜ日本ではこれらが根付かないのか。その要因を探り、それに対する処方箋(対策)を考えるのが本稿の目的である。ここではその要因を、日本の組織、日本社会に内在する特性に起因する、より本質的なものとして捉え、それらを、(1)"今"中心主義、(2)無責任体質、(3)合理性を欠く意思決定プロセス、の三つとした。またそれに対する処方箋(対策)を記録管理・アーカイブズに携わる者の果すべき役割として捉え、(1)記録管理・アーカイブズの重要性を説く、(2)現用と非現用をつなぐ、(3)専門職体制の確立、の三つとしている。

    レコード・マネジメント : 記録管理学会誌 (69), 3-19, 2015-12-15

  • 葉隠思想の逆説性と両義性ー『葉隠』の歴史的倫理的評価について(その三)-

    種村完司

    鹿児島県立短期大学紀要. 人文・社会科学篇 (66), 1-20, 2015-12-28

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  • エーリッヒ・フロムの「理性的権威」概念にたいする一考察 : 教育における権威についての試論

    関根 宏朗

    The aim of this article is to rethink the authority in education tentatively. For this purpose, this article pays attention to a conception called "rational authority", which was presented by Erich Fromm (1900-80), who was famous sociopsychologist in the 20^th century.Many studies of pedagogy or educational science have emphasized the need of the authority in education. But most of them tend to discuss a desirable quantity of the authority and do not fully have qualitative discrimination of the authority in educational fields. However, Erich Fromm's thoughts on authority seem to have potentiality for that qualitative discrimination.According to Fromm's early texts, especially in Escape from Freedom (1941) and Man for Himself (1947), "rational authority" have four characteristics. That is, 1) "rational authority" is ruled by the elements of love, admiration and gratitude, 2) it can become the model of the identification generally or partially, 3)the authority has its source in competence, and 4) it is always temporary. It is certain that these characteristics are rather abstractive, but in considering works of his latter period, the dynamics between "rational authority" and "inhibiting authority" is suggested. This dynamism hints for the possibility of rethinking of the authority in education

    リベラル・アーツ 8, 39-51, 2014

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  • セル生産システムの導入による工場現場の自律化─T社の開発試作工場を事例として─(経営学部開設40周年記念号)

    信夫 千佳子

    Cell production systems, which are popular in the Japanese manufacturing industries in recent years, have been actively introduced to electrical and electronic industries as well as precision equipment industries, where many plants had introduced line production system, or where the flow of the production process had been relatively simple. The prototype plant of T Corporation was a large-scale factory with 600 machines and 500 operators. It used to have a production process of a complex job shop type, producing various kinds of parts, sometimes only one piece per order. In the plant, by introducing a cell production system and by restructuring the organization accordingly, over the course of six years, autonomy of operators has progressed, and as a result, productivity was significantly improved and the employee turnover was drastically reduced. The cell production system of the plant was called "my parts production system", which means that operators work autonomously with a mental attitude just like that of business owners of each cell. For the manufacturing industries in recent Japan, with growing roles as mother plants and R & D bases globally, this case, showing high adaptability in uncertain business environments, gives us beneficial suggestions. The author has so far studied cell production systems from the two view points, that is, integration and autonomy. This paper, based on the real case of the prototype plant in T Corporation, examined the autonomy of operators through the introduction of cell production system. By advancing the autonomy, the employee satisfaction of operators was increased, as seen in reduced employee turnover. At the same time, improved productivity has also been observed. How it was possible to achieve both improved productivity and employee satisfaction through autonomy, is examined as follows: Firstly, the cell production system of the plant, had been built on the lean production basis. As the first goal given to the cells was to observe of delivery time for purchasers, and the operators could not refuse any order by excuse of "capacity shortages", the operators had no other way than to improve their productivity. In addition, the production system of T Corporation, based on "just-in-time" and "jidoka" in order to eliminate waste, worked as solid base for productivity of the cell production systems of the plant. Secondly, management control of the cell production system had a good fit to the autonomous level of operators. However, it seems necessary to study further the relationship between the production system and its adequate autonomous level. In addition, it is necessary to consider the production system that matches the characteristics of the regions and countries as well as individuals. It may be said that the team-working systems at Volvo's Uddevalla plant were built because they existed in a welfare state where people respect solidarity. In areas such as Japan that require high customer satisfaction in mature markets, the cell production system developed in this case may be suited because of its market adaptability through employee autonomy. Thirdly, the trust relationship between individuals and the organization was heavily involved. Top management gave operators much delegation of authority. If operators feared that they might be fired or reduced in salaries when they make failures, it might have been difficult for them to accept challenges for the cell production systems. If they had to take a big risk like that, they would waste their time in collecting and checking information too much, and the trust relationship between the organization and individuals would have been damaged. In this case, it was declared that the responsibility of any failure is to make recovery actions as much as possible, so the trust relationship between individuals and the organization was maintained, and the operators made challenges willingly.

    桃山学院大学経済経営論集 55(1/2), 65-114, 2013-10-31

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  • 「地域森林管理の主体形成と林業・山村問題」討論要旨(2010年林業経済学会春季大会シンポジウム)

    土屋 俊幸 , 興梠 克久 , 石崎 涼子 [他] , 山本 信次 , 佐藤 宣子 , 古井戸 宏通

    林業經濟 63(8), 18-37, 2010-11-20

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  • 「戦後教育科学論争」への展望(その 3)-デューイ・ルネサンスの戦前・戦後

    田中 武雄

    本研究は、〈戦後教育科学論争〉における E. デュルケムの位置の究明からはじまった。1950 年代後半に展開された〈戦後教育科学論争〉は、理論と実践の結合、教育科学の対象と方法、さらには教育学の領域をめぐる論争にまで発展した。しかし当時は、E. デュルケム及びその同時代人の J. デューイの教育科学論と関わらせて〈論争〉を展開するまでには至らなかった。「多元化社会」の進展に伴って、再び、"デュルケム・ルネサンス"が叫ばれている今日、戦前・戦後における"デューイ・ルネサンス"の歴史的考察をとおした〈戦後教育科学論争〉への展望が求められている。そこで、特に 1930 年代におけるJ. デューイ理論の中から、先の〈論争〉の見直しにせまる新たな論点をうちだしていきたい。

    共栄大学研究論集 12, 213-226, 2014-03-31

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  • 屋久島における自然遺産の所有権と島民の位置について

    寺田 喜朗

    I was born on Yakushima Island, moved to Kagoshima in junior high school, then Tokyo for university. I have a dual identity and perspective regarding Yakushima: that of a student studying sociology, a stranger; and that of a native islander and one concerned. Whenever I return to the island I notice that it is changing, and I am ambivalent about the labeling of Yakushima as a Natural Heritage site.People have constructed a perspective about nature-against civilization, urbanization and human life-and only through this do we realize the value of nature. I was proud when Yakushima was registered as a Natural Heritage site, but it feels now that when Yakushima is discussed, it has become an island whose heritage is to be shared among human beings around the world.Throughout its history, the island came to be valued by outsiders, not just the islanders. In ancient Japan, it was used as a base port for trade with China. The economic value of the island's Yaku-cedar trees was then discovered by the Shimazu family and further exploited by a third group, the Japanese Government, which legally took over the island about 120 years ago and prohibited islanders from cutting the cedars while profiting greatly from the venture themselves.The conservation movement of nature resists the "world economy system" but paradoxically it brings too many tourists to Yakushima. With the development of public transport and mass media, people today believe that they have the right to go anywhere at anytime, but too many people with no common knowledge role or regard for rural places are visiting Yakushima. The native islanders have little chance to play an important role in the history of their homeland, and are only now learning about the value of their plants and animals to the outside world.It appears that there are three perspectives on the island. From a global and academic perspective the island is an important heritage site for people in modern society; from the Japanese national perspective the island is a national property; from the perspective of people who live there as islanders, the island is our home.

    鈴鹿短期大学紀要 30, 39-63, 2010

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  • 戦後改革期に教科書会社から刊行された教育雑誌(12)

    丸山 剛史 , 尾高 進

    工学院大学研究論叢 (50-1), 73-83, 2012-10-31

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  • 歴史的パースペクティブからみたサブプライム危機 : レギュラシオン学派からの分析

    ボワイエ ロベール , 西 洋 [訳]

    Within regulation theory the process of financialisation is defined by the hierarchical position of the financial system with respect to the other institutional forms, especially the wage labor nexus, inherited from the demise and crisis of fordism. Actually, financial liberalization, both at the domestic and international level, has triggered a cumulative flow of financial innovations, so powerful that they seemed to construct an unprecedented accumulation regime, finance led and directed towards households credit. Clearly financial innovations display quite distinctive features: they are the outcome of private profit strategies and they diffuse quite quickly since they are largely immaterial. Therefore financial innovations can have major consequences upon macroeconomic stability, due to the externalities in direction of the banking and monetary system. This has been occurring in the United States and United Kingdom that are the two main countries to explore the systemic crisis of a finance led accumulation regime. This crisis is then diffusing to the rest of the world due to the pervasiveness and overlapping of the new financial products, especially mortgage credit derivatives. This framework explains why so many experts should not have been caught by surprise when the subprime crisis burst out. They had argued that financial sophisticated products could overcome any obstacle to growth whatsoever: financing education, insuring against exchange rate crises, overcoming underdevelopment, fighting poverty at home and abroad. This dream of an omnipotent finance has been applied to the financing of real estate for the poorest fraction of the American population... in the context of a speculative bubble. The securitization of these mortgage loans has transferred the default risk to the entire financial system since the remuneration of financiers created strong incentives to overextend the volume of low grade credit, i.e. the subprimes. Consequently their crisis was the logical outcome this speculation and many previous episodes (the October 1987 stock market crash, the LTCM collapse, the Enron scandal, the internet bubble..) had made explicit all the ingredients of the collapse of the entire American financial system on September 2008. From a regulationnist point of view, this is an unprecedented mix a three crises. First a typical over accumulation in the real estate sector, that calls for a readjustment of price of houses. Second, the securitization has destroyed the very possibility of a correct valuation of risk and consequently of pricing highly complex derivatives: this is the novelty of the 2008 financial systemic crisis. Thirdly, the related freeze of the credit is putting an end to the very engine of American growth since the mid 80s, i.e. the permanent extension of credit to households as an alternative to income increases. Thus it is a major structural crisis, the unfolding of which remains quite uncertain: everything is up to the political strategies that will shape the interventions of public authorities. It is finally argued that it is possible and crucial to institute a social control over finance and especially an ex ante supervision of financial innovations. Until 2008, only the domination and arrogance of financiers were preventing such an aggornamiento, but the collapse of the naive belief about the superiority and viability of free markets opens a new epoch concerning the mutual relations between State, democracy and capitalism.

    季刊経済理論 46(1), 53-70, 2009-04-20

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  • 高等学校におけるシティズンシップ教育としての特別活動実践

    越野 章史

    和歌山大学教育学部教育実践総合センター紀要 21, 125-134, 2011-09-30

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  • 教育基本法成立過程に見る立法者の「大学」に関する意識について : 田中耕太郎、南原繁を中心に

    橋爪 孝夫

    教育基本法立法過程において大きな役割を果たした人物として当時の文部大臣・田中耕太郎及び教育刷新委員会の副委員長・南原繁の名前が挙げられる。 両名の経歴には似通ったところがあり、地方出身者でありながら旧制高等学校において教養教育に触れ、帝国大学において専門性を身につけ、一度は官職に就いて社会に出た後、大学へ舞い戻って教授職に就いている。 このような経歴を持った二人は「大学」にとって、真理の探究を目的とし、学問や教育の自由が確保された大学の自治が確立し、教養主義に支えられた総合的な学問を身につけることなどが重要であると考えていた。 その思想は立法者意志として教育基本法の底流を成している。

    大学アドミニストレーション研究 1, 38-52, 2011-03-20

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  • 認知歴史言語学の試み

    金杉 高雄

    言語学の発展は現代の科学技術の進歩と切り離すことはできない。意味を中心とする言語学ではメタファー、メトニミーの研究がより活発に進められてきた。この分野ではGeorge Lakoff が最も重心的な研究者である。しかし、言葉の意味を研究する上で必要に迫られるのが、言語学以外の隣接分野の知見である。Lakoff は自分の言語理論をより包括的に発展させるために、Mark Johnson (シカゴ大学)という哲学者を招き、共同研究をし、研究書を発表している。あまりにも有名な「Metaphors We LiveBy」である。この著作を発表した後、彼らは再び、「Philosophy in the Fresh」を世に出しその研究成果を問うている。この2 作目の共著では「Philosophy」という言葉がタイトルに取り入れられ言語学と哲学的思考の関係の深さが全面に出ている好例であるといえる。さらに、認知文法(CognitiveGrammar)を提唱する Ronald Langacker は哲学者、Heidegger の影響を大きく受けていることは周知の事実である。彼はHeidegger の思想に基づいて数多くの認知モデルを提出している。言語学がいろいろな形で姿を変えて進展するのには興味が引かれる。そのような動向の中で、特にここ10 年の間に注目されてきた分野として語用論と歴史言語学とを体系的、有機的に組み合わせた「歴史語用論」がある。この言語学は文法化、主観化、間主観化をキーワードに研究が進められてきている。言語学の新しい方向性である。言語学と隣接分野との組み合わせ、そして従来の歴史言語学と比較的目新しい語用論との組み合わせによる研究方法に加えて、認知言語学と歴史語用論とを組み合わせた研究方法に関してのその輪郭について日本語を中心にして、その意味変化を取り扱いながら試論を行うものである。

    太成学院大学紀要 13, 51-60, 2011-03

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  • 初期高橋亀吉の経済思想

    牧野 邦昭

    高橋亀吉の初期の言説では資本家の奢侈への批判が繰り返されている。当時の高橋は資本の濫費を資本主義の欠点として批判しており、これを社会主義的政策により克服することで民衆の生活を改善するとともに、欧米と大きな経済格差のある「プチ・帝国主義」の状態にある日本の経済力を強化していくことを目指していた。そしてそのような初期の高橋の経済思想が金解禁論争における新平価解禁・金本位制度離脱の主張に大きく影響している。

    摂南経済研究 1(1-2), 95-114, 2011-03

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  • 植民地官僚のアイルランド問題認識 : 吉村源太郎を手掛かりとして

    加藤 道也

    YOSHIMURA Gentaro, an government official serving in the Japanese Government-General of Kanto Leased Territory surveyed the British colonial situations including Ireland. He observed the Irish situation under British control and had the important lessons from it. His conclusion was that British governance of Ireland should be seen as a failure because it lacked the mutual trust. He criticized severely the way of British governance in Ireland but did not deny the colonial rule itself. He rather insisted that the Japanese colonial rule as an antidote against the western expansion to Asia and that Japan should take a more leading role in Asia.

    大阪産業大学経済論集 12(1), 55-93, 2010-09

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