検索結果 977件中 1-20 を表示

  • 明治期外国人への課税問題と地域社会 : 清岡人陳承文の酒造事件から見る

    趙 国 , Guk Cho , 早稲田大学大学院文学研究科博士後期課程

    史観 174, 27-44, 2016-03

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  • 第3章 : ロシアと日本のアイデンティティに関する比較分析

    サルキソフ K.O. , 山脇 大 [訳] , 池田 嘉郎 [訳]

    京都産業大学世界問題研究所紀要 31, 83-103, 2016-03

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  • 明治24年の帝国議会議事堂火災事件にみる司法権の独立問題 : 司法大臣山田顕義の意見書をめぐって

    高澤 弘明

    When Arasuke Sone, the Chief Secretary of the House of Representatives, announced that the fire that destroyed the Imperial Diet Building on January 20, 1891 was caused by an electric circuit short. The electricity supplier, Tokyo Dento (Tokyo Electric Light Company), filed a civil action against Sone in the Tokyo District Court in order to seek a correction of his announcement. The Yamagata Cabinet regarded this suit case as an administrative one, and intended, depending on the cabinet decision, to give to the court an order that the court should reject the case on the grounds that it lay outside the court's jurisdiction. Akiyoshi Yamada, Minister of Justice, alone dissented from this motion. He submitted, however, a written opinion arguing that the position of the cabinet should be proclaimed in court in accordance with due process under the Code of Civil Procedure at the time. While Yamada's opinion was consequently adopted, this in a sense prevented executive interference in the judiciary and differed sharply from Yamada's response to the Otsu incident (a failed assassination attempt on the then Tsesarevich of Russia on Japanese soil) four months later. In this paper, I examine Yamada's view of the independence of the judiciary through the lens of the Diet Building fire shortly before the Otsu incident.

    法政論叢 52(1), 155-167, 2016-02-25

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  • 『日本資本主義分析』原稿の一考察 : 山田盛太郎関係資料の検討

    原 朗

    Moritaro Yamada's "Nihon Shihonshugi Bunseki (Analysis of Japanese Capitalism)" (1934), hereafter "Bunseki," is a classic that has had an great impact on Japan's social science since the 1930s. It is difficult to understand the author's true intent, however, because he used obscure language, in order to avoid censorship by the authoritarian government. The book is principally composed of three volumes that were originally part of "Nihon Shihonshugi Hattatsushi Koza (Lectures on the Development of Japanese Capitalism)" (1932-1933), hereafter "Koza." We are now able to compare the "Bunseki" and "Koza" manuscripts because they were recently donated to the Institute of Social Science at the University of Tokyo. The other Moritaro Yamada's collections are at the Archive for the Faculty of Economics at the University of Tokyo, the Institute of Social Science at Senshu University and the Library of Ryukoku University, with both of which Yamada was affiliated. It is important to compare the various manuscripts of "Bunseki" and "Koza", and particularly the "Koza" manuscripts with the published version, in order to establish an evidentiary basis for the retrospective examination of Yamada's theory and analysis. This article collates the differences between the manuscript and published versions of "Koza" where they are most divergent in content, as shown in Table 1 and 2. These Tables enable us to understand the author's intention regarding a substantial portion of the complicated terminology used in "Koza" and "Bunseki." Some results of collation are as follows. First, the original title of "Bunseki" was "Nihon Shihonshugi (tokuni Kogyo) Bunseki (Analysis of Japanese Capitalism [Especially Industry])." Secondly, the third section, 'Kitei (The Basis),' which has received particular recognition, was initially titled 'Yohen (Appendix)'. Thridly, in 'Jogen (Introduction),' which compared the characteristics of Japanese capitalism with that of other countries, the author defined by 'revolution' and 'capitalism' at the beginning, and then went on to clarify by 'absolutism' and 'land ownership.' Lastly, the author changed his wording, especially in relation to 'Military', 'Police', 'Imperial Court', and 'Labor Struggle', to other unique complicated terminologies.

    歴史と経済 : the journal of political economy and economic history 58(2), 1-18, 2016-01

  • 書評・紹介 若月剛史『戦前日本の政党内閣と官僚制』

    大淀 昇一

    科学史研究. [第Ⅲ期] = Journal of history of science, Japan. 日本科学史学会 編 (276), 393-396, 2016-01

  • 1900年感化法の制定過程に関する社会政治的考察

    北場 勉

    本論文は1900年感化法の成立過程を社会政治的視点から明らかにするものである.当時,立法化を要する三つの,課題があった.一つ目の課題は民法上の懲戒場を具体的に指定することであり,二つ目の課題は懲治人を他の犯罪者から分離することであり,三つ目の課題は不良少年を収養する場を創設することであった.官僚が三つ目の課題の重要性を理解したとき,監獄費国庫支弁が実現し,地方費に余裕が生まれた.このとき,三つの課題を解決するため,府県に感化院の設置を義務づける感化法が成立した.感化法は,刑事的性格と福祉的性格を合わせ持つ.不平等条約改訂により,締約国は治外法権を放棄し,日本は西洋式の法典を整備したが,一つ目の課題は法典整備の,二つ目の課題は監獄改良の一環であったものの,三つ目の課題はこのどちらでもない.府県立感化院の設置には窪田や渋沢の考えが,代用感化院制度の実現には民間感化院を支援しようとする考えが影響を与えた.

    社会福祉学 = Japanese journal of social welfare 56(3), 1-13, 2015-11

  • 明治立憲制と「宮中」 : 明治四〇年の公式令制定と大礼使官制問題

    国分 航士

    During the late Meiji era, the Imperial Household Research Committee headed by Ito Hirobumi 伊藤博文 drafted laws and ordinances pertaining to the imperial family system. Imperial Ordinance pertaining to state documentary forms (Koshikirei 公式令) enacted in 1907 is one of the most representative laws the Committee was involeved in. The present article outlines the process involved in the enactment of this ordinance and examines its impact on issues pertaining to the commissioner of coronations, in order to focus attention upon the emergence of debate over the relationship between the "imperial court" and "provincial offices" during the era of Meiji Constitutionalism and upon the perceptions held by the two entities. Deputy Governor Ito Miyoji 伊東巳代治, who interpreted the Imperial Household Research Committee's focus to be one prescribing imperial affairs through a judicial system, worked to reinterpret its affairs in a "constitutional" context by recognizing the existence of ambiguous margins when attempting to categorize matters into those of the imperial court and those of the provincial offices. The Koshikirei was revised to expand the scope of the Imperial Household Ordinance (Koshitsurei 皇室令) further than the Committee's original draft submitted to the Emperor, leading to the creation of the imperial rescript and the imperial writ documentary forms, in addition to the Imperial Household Ordinance itself. This enactment process not only gave rise to contradictions between existing imperial ordinances and the Imperial Household Ordinance, but also became the cause of a debate regarding the commissioner of coronations that occurred later on during the early Taisho era. The commissioner of coronations was responsible for state ceremonial affairs, including the Emperor's enthronement ceremony and Daijo-sai 大嘗祭, the first fruits festival celebrating imperial succession. Regulations Governing the Accession to the Throne in the Imperial Household Ordinance enacted in 1909 provided that the commissioner of coronations shall be appointed by the imperial court, and in 1913, the commissioner was established through imperial order. The above official interpretation also stirred debate concerning the relationship between the imperial court and provincial offices, in addition to its form of promulgation. The Diet and the Cabinet, which constituted the "provincial" entity at the time, debated over the positioning of the two entities. The matter was also referred to the Privy Council after the Imperial Household Ministry filed for mediation. Consequently, both parties came to recognize the subtly inseparable nuances between what should be considered "imperial" and "provincial", which had seemed clearly distinct and in principle contrasting from the time of the establishment of the cabinet system.

    史学雑誌 124(9), 1545-1579, 2015-09

  • 教育勅語は道徳教育の「源流」たり得たのか : 研究動向の整理と課題 (シンポジウム 社会の構想と道徳教育の思想 : 源流から未来を展望する)

    貝塚 茂樹

    日本教育史においては、教育勅語が近代教育における道徳教育の理念の中核であり、「源流」であることが自明のこととされてきた。しかし、教育勅語の評価は、近代教育を通じて決して「安定」していたわけではなく、国民道徳論や「日本的教育論」などの影響の中で、確固たる有効性を持ち得ていたわけではなかった。この点の歴史的分析を欠いた戦後の教育史研究は、教育勅語の歴史的定位を明確にすることに成功しておらず、同時にそれが道徳教育研究を妨げる要因ともなってきた。道徳教育をめぐる議論を学問的な研究対象とするためには、教育勅語を歴史研究の中に実証的に位置付ける努力が求められる。それは、道徳の「教科化」の本質的な意義と可能性を理解するためにも不可欠である。

    近代教育フォーラム (24), 56-64, 2015

  • 英国人鉄道技師の叙勲

    林田 治男

    At the beginning of Meiji Era, more than 200 foreigners came to Japan( as so called" Oyatoi", hired foreigner) in order to build the railways. Almost all of them were the subjects of the United Kingdom. In this paper I define an "Engineer" as any person who was a "Member" (including those registered as an Associate Member, or a Student Member) of the Instituion of Civil Engineers and/or the Instituion of Mechanical Engineers. 24 Engineers were engaged in the Imperial Railways of Japan, and because of their excellent contributions the Japanese Government decorated 6 of them. I intend to describe how and whom the Government selected, by tracing their careers and accomplishments in Japan. Both William Pole and William Walter Cargill were decorated. Pole, the Consulting Engineer in Britain, never visited Japan, and Cargill, the Director, was not a member of either one of the Institutions mentioned above. The examining the reasons for rewarding these two will help to clarify the Japanese Government's criterion for selecting the awardees.At the beginning of Meiji Era, more than 200 foreigners came to Japan( as so called" Oyatoi", hired foreigner) in order to build the railways. Almost all of them were the subjects of the United Kingdom. In this paper I define an "Engineer" as any person who was a "Member" (including those registered as an Associate Member, or a Student Member) of the Instituion of Civil Engineers and/or the Instituion of Mechanical Engineers. 24 Engineers were engaged in the Imperial Railways of Japan, and because of their excellent contributions the Japanese Government decorated 6 of them. I intend to describe how and whom the Government selected, by tracing their careers and accomplishments in Japan. Both William Pole and William Walter Cargill were decorated. Pole, the Consulting Engineer in Britain, never visited Japan, and Cargill, the Director, was not a member of either one of the Institutions mentioned above. The examining the reasons for rewarding these two will help to clarify the Japanese Government's criterion for selecting the awardees.

    大阪産業大学経済論集 17(1), 19-49, 2015-10

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  • 史学文献目録 日本史(2)

    [記載なし]

    史学雑誌 124(4), 645-610, 2015-04

  • 日清戦後経営期の本国・植民地間における経済政策の相克 : 農商務省の内地製塩業政策を中心に

    前田 廉孝

    本稿は,内地・植民地間における同一産業の競争と両地における当該産業を対象とした政策間の相克に対する本国政府と植民地政府の対応を,農商務省による内地製塩業政策を中心に検討し,両政策間における相互規定的な関係性の一端を明らかにすることを課題とした。本稿の考察より,第1に農商務省の内地製塩業政策は台湾塩専売政策の動向に規定されたこと,第2に製塩家による台湾製塩業進出計画の挫折以降に台湾塩は内地製塩業界で「防遏」対象として見做されたこと,第3に大蔵省は日露戦争開戦へ向けた財政的準備が不可避となるまで税としての逆進性から塩税もしくは塩専売制度を導入する決断には至っていなかったことが明らかになった。そして,本国政府と植民地政府の財政状況の改善を意図した政策は,その政策対象とされた産業が本国・植民地間で競争関係を有した場合に,本国内で企図された産業政策を規定する側面を有したことを指摘した。植民地財政が本国財政からの「独立」を達成できていなかったが故に,両地間における政策は相互規定的に展開され,本国政府による政策遂行過程は植民地政府によるそれに規定されざるを得ない側面を有したのである。

    社会経済史学 81(2), 215-237, 2015

  • 最近の日中関係を考える : 園田茂人編『日中関係史1972-2012 Ⅳ民間』を読んで思うこと

    峰 毅

    中国研究月報 = Monthly journal of Chinese affairs 69(2), 32-39, 2015-02

  • 70年世代の都市史 (特集 都市史から領域史へ) -- (都市史研究の方法と広がり)

    岩本 馨 , 岸 泰子 , 初田 香成 [他] , 松山 恵 , 松田 法子 , 栢木 まどか , 高橋 元貴 , 松本 裕 , 赤松 加寿江

    建築雑誌 = Journal of architecture and building science 130(1671), 32-37, 2015-05

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  • 鴎外の短歌一首と「ぢいさんばあさん」を読んで

    山上 英男

    文学と教育 (221), 37-42, 2014-12-20

  • 明治初年「大大蔵省」の政策立案・意思決定過程

    小幡 圭祐

    The aim of this article is to shed light upon the operations of the Japanese Ministry of Finance, which was organized into a "mega-ministry" through a merger with the Ministry of Civil Affairs on 11 September 1871, and its influence within the Meiji government, focusing on its policy planning and decision making processes. After its merger with the Ministry of Civil Affairs, which was orchestrated by then Civil Affairs Minister Inoue Kaoru, the new Mega-Ministry of Finance assumed both grave and broad ranging authority in the country's fiscal and domestic non-military administrative affairs. It was Inoue's right-hand man, industrialist Shibusawa Eiichi, who took on the task of putting the policy planning and decision making institutions in place and setting up the General Affairs Bureau to deal with policy planning. With full support from the Ministry's top officials, the General Affairs Bureau was placed in the role of coordinating and balancing the interests of its other bureaus and departments. With respect to decision making, administrative procedures were drawn up to clarify the process, including decision deadlines and obligatory seals of approval on all policy proposals in circulation, which resulted in both a speedier and more substantive process. Also, in order to cut through the red tape plaguing the Ministry, Shibusawa took on the task of the reforming the Ministry of State's (Dajokan) Privy Council Chamber by transplanting the General Affairs Bureau, as the Ministry's "puppet," into the Chamber both institutionally and staff-wise, in order to speed up and streamline its clerical tasks. Consequently, during May 1873 the Privy Council Chamber was infused with the policy planning and decision making know-how of the Ministry of Finance through its annexation of the Ministry's General Affairs Bureau operations and personnel.

    史学雑誌 123(12), 2089-2124, 2014

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  • 桜井忠興事績関係史料(史料紹介)

    田中 敦

    地域史研究 : 尼崎市史研究紀要 114, 125-140, 2014-10-31

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