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  • Moose winter diet components from feces and field feeding signs : consistency and variability related to forage availability and nutritional requirements

    Bao Heng , Dou Hongliang , Ma Yingjie , Liu Hui , Jiang Guangshun

    Ecological research 32(5), 685-692, 2017-09

  • Taurine does not affect the composition, diversity, or metabolism of human colonic microbiota simulated in a single-batch fermentation system

    Sasaki Kengo , Sasaki Daisuke , Okai Naoko , Tanaka Kosei , Nomoto Ryohei , Fukuda Itsuko , Yoshida Ken-ichi , Kondo Akihiko , Osawa Ro

    Fecal samples from eight humans were individually cultivated with and without taurine in the KUHIMM. … both operational taxonomic unit and Shannon-Wiener index of the cultures were comparable to those of the respective source fecal samples. …

    PLoS ONE 12(7), 0180991, 2017-07-10

    機関リポジトリ DOI

  • A Comparison of Visual and Genetic Techniques for Identifying Japanese Marten Scats : Enabling Diet Examination in Relation to Seasonal Food Availability in a Sub-Alpine Area of Japan

    Hisano Masumi , Hoshino Lisa , Kamada Shouko , Masuda Ryuichi , Newman Chris , Kaneko Yayoi

    Zoological science 34(2), 137-146, 2017-04

  • 東南アジアにおける家畜ふん尿消化液の 水田における液肥利用とそれに伴う環境影響

    折立 文子

    … First, analysis of biomass use in a suburban village in Southern Vietnam identified several options for improving the regional environment and generating energy, resulting in a preferred proposal to use currently untreated livestock manure for biogas production and use digested slurry as a fertilizer in paddy fields.Second, the effects of using digested slurry as fertilizer on rice production and environmental impacts were evaluated through field experiments. …

    農研機構研究報告 農村工学研究部門 = Bulletin of the NARO, Rural Engineering (1), 135-200, 2017-03-24

    機関リポジトリ DOI

  • ヤマコウモリ(Nyctalus aviator)の日中飛翔における採餌行動の確認と気象条件

    大沢 啓子 , 佐藤 顕義 , 勝田 節子 , 大沢 夕志

    埼玉県立自然の博物館研究報告 (11), 47-54, 2017-03

  • Fecal microbiome in dogs with inflammatory bowel disease and intestinal lymphoma

    OMORI Marie , MAEDA Shingo , IGARASHI Hirotaka , OHNO Koichi , SAKAI Kosei , YONEZAWA Tomohiro , HORIGOME Ayako , ODAMAKI Toshitaka , MATSUKI Naoaki

    … The objective of this study was to compare the fecal microbiota in dogs with IBD, dogs with intestinal lymphoma, and healthy dogs. … Fecal samples were analyzed by 16S rRNA gene next-generation sequencing. … Rarefaction analysis failed to reveal any difference in bacterial diversity among healthy dogs and diseased dogs. …

    The Journal of Veterinary Medical Science, 2017

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  • Effect of Minerals on Intestinal IgA Production Using Deep Sea Water Drinks

    Shiraishi Hisashi , Fujino Maho , Shirakawa Naoki , Ishida Nanao , Funato Hiroki , Hirata Ayumu , Abe Noriaki , Iizuka Michiro , Jobu Kohei , Yokota Junko , Miyamura Mitsuhiko

    … We qualitatively analyzed the mineral compositions of the deep sea water drinks and evaluated the drinks' physical properties using principal component analysis, a type of multivariate analysis, of their mineral content. … We then measured their fecal immunoglobulin A (IgA) to evaluate immune function. … Principal component analysis suggested that physical properties of deep sea water drinks could be determined by their sources. …

    Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 40(10), 1700-1705, 2017

    J-STAGE

  • Analysis of fecal short chain fatty acid concentration in miniature dachshunds with inflammatory colorectal polyps

    IGARASHI Hirotaka , OHNO Koichi , MATSUKI Naoaki , FUJIWARA-IGARASHI Aki , KANEMOTO Hideyuki , FUKUSHIMA Kenjiro , UCHIDA Kazuyuki , TSUJIMOTO Hajime

    … Inflammatory colorectal polyps (ICRPs) are a recently recognized disease specific to miniature dachshunds (MDs), and fecal dysbiosis with a reduction of SCFA-producing bacteria has been reported with this disease. … Their fecal SCFA concentrations and bacterial proportions were quantified using high performance liquid chromatography and quantitative real-time PCR, respectively. … Furthermore, fecal proportions of <i>Bifidobacterium</i>, Firmicutes and <i>Lactobacillus</i> …

    The Journal of Veterinary Medical Science, 2017

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  • Infection with <i>Paragonimus westermani</i> of boar-hunting dogs in Western Japan maintained via artificial feeding with wild boar meat by hunters

    IRIE Takao , YAMAGUCHI Yohei , DOANH Pham Ngoc , GUO Zhi Hong , HABE Shigehisa , HORII Yoichiro , NONAKA Nariaki

    … eggs after molecular analysis of fecal eggs, and additional 7 were identified serologically for the parasite infection because of their stronger reactivity against <i>P. … A spatial analysis showed that all of the <i>P. …

    The Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 79(8), 1419-1425, 2017

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  • Infection with <i>Paragonimus</i><i>westermani</i> of boar-hunting dogs in Western Japan maintained via artificial feeding with wild boar meat by hunters

    IRIE Takao , YAMAGUCHI Yohei , DOANH Pham Ngoc , GUO Zhi Hong , HABE Shigehisa , HORII Yoichiro , NONAKA Nariaki

    … eggs after molecular analysis of fecal eggs and additional 7 were identified serologically for the parasite infection because of their stronger reactivity against <i>P. … A spatial analysis showed that all of the <i>P. …

    The Journal of Veterinary Medical Science, 2017

    J-STAGE

  • 短鎖脂肪酸分析用採便キットの作製と潰瘍性大腸炎患者の便試料分析への応用

    小谷 明 , 小浜 元敬 , 白鳥 泰正 , 楠 文代 , 袴田 秀樹

    … A fecal collection kit, which consisted of a collection tube containing 10 mL of 3 % phenol in water, collection paper, a spoon to scrape the feces, an instruction, glove, and a plastic bag with a zipper, has been developed to collect human feces for determining fecal short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs). … Using the fecal collection kit, human healthy volunteers (<i>n</i> …

    分析化学 66(6), 459-463, 2017

    J-STAGE

  • 山梨県東部のテンの食性の季節変化と占有率-順位曲線による表現の試み

    箕輪 篤志 , 下岡 ゆき子 , 高槻 成紀

    <p>山梨県東部の上野原市郊外に生息するホンドテン<i>Martes melampus melampus</i>(以下,テン)の食性は明瞭な季節変化を示した.平均占有率は,春には哺乳類33.0%,昆虫類29.1%で,動物質が全体の60%以上を占めた.夏には昆虫類が占める割合に大きな変化はなかったが,哺乳類は4.7%に減少した.一方,植物質は増加し,ヤマグワ< …

    哺乳類科学 57(1), 1-8, 2017

    J-STAGE

  • 腸管急性GVHDに対する便微生物叢移植

    垣花 和彦

    <p>近年,解析手法の発達により,腸内細菌が詳細に検討されるようになり,その異常(dysbiosis)は様々な疾患・病態と関わっていることが明らかとなってきた。移植領域においても,腸内細菌叢は移殖片対宿主病(GVHD)の発症,移植成績に深く関わっていることが報告されるようになっている。このことは,腸内細菌叢への介入が治療手段となりうることを示唆しており,当院ではステロイドによる1次治療 …

    臨床血液 58(5), 499-505, 2017

    J-STAGE

  • Characterizing the temporal patterns of avian influenza virus introduction into Japan by migratory birds

    ONUMA Manabu , KAKOGAWA Masayoshi , YANAGISAWA Masae , HAGA Atsushi , OKANO Tomomi , NEAGARI Yasuko , OKANO Tsukasa , GOKA Koichi , ASAKAWA Mitsuhiko

    … In total, 19,407 fecal samples from migratory birds were collected at 52 sites between October 2008 and May 2015. … Total nucleic acids extracted from the fecal samples were subjected to reverse transcription loop–mediated isothermal amplification to detect viral RNA. … Species identification of host migratory birds was conducted by DNA barcoding for positive fecal samples. …

    The Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 79(5), 943-951, 2017

    J-STAGE

  • Characterizing the temporal patterns of avian influenza virus introduction into Japan by migratory birds

    ONUMA Manabu , KAKOGAWA Masayoshi , YANAGISAWA Masae , HAGA Atsushi , OKANO Tomomi , NEAGARI Yasuko , OKANO Tsukasa , GOKA Koichi , ASAKAWA Mitsuhiko

    … In total, 19,407 fecal samples from migratory birds were collected at 52 sites between October 2008 and May 2015. … Total nucleic acids extracted from the fecal samples were subjected to reverse transcription loop–mediated isothermal amplification to detect viral RNA. … Species identification of host migratory birds was conducted by DNA barcoding for positive fecal samples. …

    The Journal of Veterinary Medical Science, 2017

    J-STAGE

  • Murine norovirus infection in Brazilian animal facilities

    RODRIGUES Daniele Masselli , MOREIRA Joselia Cristina de Oliveira , LANCELLOTTI Marcelo , GILIOLI Rovilson , CORAT Marcus Alexandre Finzi

    … Nucleotide sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of the capsid region from the viral genome showed identity ranging from 87% to 99% when compared to reported MNV sequences. … In addition, RAW264.7 cells inoculated with a mouse fecal suspension displayed cytopathic effect after the fifth passage. …

    Experimental Animals 66(2), 115-124, 2017

    J-STAGE

  • Prevalence and molecular characterization of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) and plasmidic AmpC β-lactamase (pAmpC) producing <i>Escherichia coli</i> in dogs

    ASLANTAS Özkan , YILMAZ Ebru Sebnem

    … <p>This study aimed to determine the prevalence of fecal carriage of extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) and/or plasmidic AmpC β-lactamase (pAmpC) producing <i>Escherichia coli</i> … Sequencing analysis results showed occurrence of various β-lactamase genes: <i>bla</i><sub>CTX-M-15 </sub>(62), <i>bla</i><sub>TEM-1b </sub>(42), <i>bla</i><sub>CMY-2</sub> …

    The Journal of Veterinary Medical Science, 2017

    J-STAGE

  • 大腸がん検診における中間期癌の特徴

    茂木 文孝 , 萩原 廣明

    目的:免疫法便潜血検査による大腸がん検診の中間期癌の研究は少ない。中間期癌の特徴を明らかにするために検討を行った。方法:便潜血陰性者で翌年度の検診までに検診外で発見された浸潤癌を中間期癌, 便潜血陽性者で同期間に検診や検診以外で診断された浸潤癌を陽性癌とした。性, 年齢, 検診歴, 病期, 部位, 組織型について両群を比較し, クラスター分析で中間期癌を分類した。陽性癌や中間期癌は検診受診者資料と …

    日本消化器がん検診学会雑誌 55(2), 199-207, 2017

    J-STAGE 医中誌Web

  • 一般住民における過敏性腸症候群と食習慣, 腸内細菌との関連について

    佐藤 研 , 佐竹 立 , 櫻庭 美耶子 , 福田 眞作

    <p>過敏性腸症候群 (IBS) の病態生理として腸内細菌の関与が示され, 食事療法の有効性が提示されている. 今回, 一般住民を対象とした健康増進プロジェクト受験者を対象に質問票を用いてIBS群を抽出した. 食習慣はBDHQ (簡易型自記式食事歴法質問票) を用い, 摂取する食品の組み合わせで受験者を3群に分けて解析し, IBSとの関連を検討した. また, 同意が得られた受験者から便 …

    心身医学 57(4), 362-367, 2017

    J-STAGE 医中誌Web

  • Comparison of salivary hemoglobin measurements for periodontitis screening

    Okada Ayako , Nomura Yoshiaki , Sogabe Kaoru , Oku Hirofumi , Sato Gillbreath Arika , Hino Fumihiko , Hayashi Hideo , Yoshino Hirokazu , Utsunomiya Hisanori , Suzuki Kazuyuki , Koresawa Keizo , Koba Kenji , Uetani Kimiyuki , Kotoh Mami , Nishitsuji Naoyuki , Akutsu Satoshi , Nakasone Takakazu , Tobi Yasushi , Fukuzawa Yoichi , Yabuki Yoshihide , Naono Yoshinobu , Yajima Masataka , Shimizu Keita , Hanada Nobuhiro

    … Two reagents are commercially available for the modified fecal occult blood test: Saliva Hemo Plus and OC-AUTO S Latex Reagent. … Moreover, saliva samples were collected from 10 subjects at five time points during the day for analysis of circadian variations and fluctuation. … On analysis of circadian variations, no statistically significant differences were observed using the Friedman test. …

    Journal of Oral Science 59(1), 63-69, 2017

    J-STAGE

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