無収縮アルミナ材料 Non-shrinkage Alumina Material
To fabricate a sintered Al<SUB>2</SUB>O<SUB>3</SUB> with high dimensional accuracy by near-net-shape firing, oxidation and sintering behavior of compacts of a mixture of Al<SUB>2</SUB>O<SUB>3</SUB> and Al powders was studied. The compacts were prepared by compressing green-sheets obtained by doctor-brade method at 196MPa and fired at 1600°C or less in air. The oxidation of Al in the compact occured between about 450°C and 1300°C, and prevents the compact from shrinking in firing process at 1300°C or less. A part of melting Al in the compact spilled out of the compact in firing process, because Al melts below 800°C, its oxidation temperature. MgO, CaCO<SUB>3</SUB> and TiO<SUB>2</SUB> powders were added to prevent the Al spillage and Si powder was added to prevent the shrinkage by sintering at 1400°C or more. As a result, the sinterd Al<SUB>2</SUB>O<SUB>3</SUB> having a density of 3.72g/cm<SUP>3</SUP> and 0.7% shrinkage by sintering was fabricated by sintering with oxidation of Al and formation of mullite.
粉体および粉末冶金 44(8), 729-733, 1997-08-15
Japan Society of Powder and Powder Metallurgy