Chloride Pyrometallurgy of Uranium Ore, (I) Chlorination of Phosphate Ore Using Solid or Gas Chlorinating Agent and Carbon
A thermodynamical and pyrometallurgical study to recover uranium from the phosphate ores was undertaken using the chloride volatilization method. Iron was chlorinated with solid chlorinating agents such as NaCl and CaCl<SUB>2</SUB> in combination with activated carbon, which will be used for removing this element from the ore, but uranium was not. On the other hand, the chlorination using Cl<SUB>2</SUB> gas and activated carbon gave a good result at 1, 223K. Not only uranium but also iron, phosphorus, aluminum and silicon were found to form volatile chlorides which vaporized out of the ore, while calcium remained in the ore as non-volatile CaCl<SUB>2</SUB>. The chlorination condition was studied as functions of temperature, reaction time and carbon content. The volatilization ratio of uranium around 95% was obtained by heating the mixture of the ore and activated carbon (35wt%) in a mixed gas flow of Cl<SUB>2</SUB> (200ml/min) and N<SUB>2</SUB> (200ml/min) at 1, 223K for 120min.
- Journal of nuclear science and technology
Journal of nuclear science and technology 32(9), 880-888, 1995-09-25
Atomic Energy Society of Japan