Sorptive Removal of Cesium-137 and Strontium-90 from Water by Unconventional Sorbents. I. Usage of Bauxite Wastes (Red Muds)
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Bauxite wastes of alumina manufacture, i.e., red muds, have been tested for radiocesium and strontium removal from water. The red muds were water-washed, acid-, and heat-treated before usage to produce hydrous oxide like sorbents. Surface treatment of the sorbent was benefical for <SUP>137</SUP>Cs uptake, while heat-treatment was detrimental to the -SOH surface sites responsible for high <SUP>90</SUP>Sr affinity. Fractionation of the sorbent with respect to apparent grain size did not produce significant differences in the sorption efficiency. The distribution coefficients vs. equilibrium activity in solution showed a maximum with Cs, and a gradual decrease trend with Sr. The solution activity vs. adsorption data were fitted to B. E. T. (essentially types IV-V) isotherms for Cs and B. E. T.-Langmuir isotherms for Sr. Desorption, temperature-, pH-, and ionic strength-dependence tests revealed that the primary mode of sorption for both cations is specific adsorption while the secondary mode is ion exchange. A rise in pH favours the ion-exchange sorption of Sr while the specific adsorption of Cs is negatively affected. Competitive adsorption of an inert electrolyte, i.e., NaCl, severely hinders Cs sorption, while Sr sorption on water-washed red mud is not significantly affected.
- Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology 32(10), 1008-1017, 1995-10-25
Atomic Energy Society of Japan