Experimental Study on the Fuel Behavior during Reactivity Accident at Power Operation Condition
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In the Nuclear Safety Research Reactor (NSRR) program of Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI), the fuel behavior in reactivity initiated accidents (RIAs) has been studied through irradiation tests with simulated power burst using fresh or preirradiated test fuel rods. In order to investigate possible influence of the difference of initial temperature profile in the fuel pellet on the fuel failure behavior, two tests were conducted with fresh fuel rods for RIAs at power operation using the newly developed NSRR operation mode and the results were compared with the results of previous irradiation tests which were for RIAs at zero power.<BR>In the tests for RIAs at power, the reactivity of 2.0 or 2.3 was inserted rapidly after the linear heat rate of the test fuel rod was kept constant at 39kW/m for 5s. It has been shown through this study with fresh fuel rods that the fuel enthalpy of the failure threshold for RIAs at power is the same as that for RIAs at zero power and that the failure mechanism is the same as that of RIA at zero power. It has been clarified that there is no obvious influence of initial temperature distribution on the fuel behavior during RIAs in case of fresh fuels. The evaluation method of fuel enthalpy with which the fuel failure threshold is described was also studied.
- Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology 32(11), 1098-1107, 1995-11-25
Atomic Energy Society of Japan