Thermal Conductivity of UO_2-BeO Pellet
Beryllium oxide(BeO)-doped (0.3, 0.6, 0.9, 1.2 and 13.6 wt%) UO<SUB>2</SUB> pellets were fabricated to evaluate the effects of BeO precipitate shape on thermal conductivity. Precipitate distributions were of two types: BeO precipitated almost continuously along a grain boundary (designated BeO continuous type) and spherical BeO randomly dispersed within the matrix (designated BeO dispersed type). Thermal diffusivity was measured by a laser flash method and thermal conductivity was evaluated. The thermal conductivity increased with the BeO content. The thermal conductivity of the BeO continuous type was higher than that of the BeO dispersed type at lower temperatures, while their difference became smaller at higher temperatures. The thermal conductivities of UO<SUB>2</SUB>-1.2wt% BeO at 1, 100K were higher than that of UO2 by about 25% for the BeO continuous type and by about 10% for the BeO dispersed type. The thermal conductivities of both types were expressed by a semi-empirical equation as a function of volume fraction and shape of the BeO precipitates.
- Journal of nuclear science and technology
Journal of nuclear science and technology 33(2), p.134-140, 1996-02-25
Atomic Energy Society of Japan