Solvent Extraction of Americium(VI) by Tri-n-Butyl Phosphate
Solvent extraction of Am(VI) by tri-n-butyl phosphate (TBP) from nitric acid solutions was investigated to develop a novel method for partitioning americium from high level liquid waste generated through spent nuclear fuel reprocessing. Am(VI) was prepared using ammonium peroxodisulfate and silver nitrate. The distribution coefficients of Am(VI) were determined for extraction systems of various concentrations of nitric acid and TBP. Sufficiently stable Am(VI) could be extracted and the extraction reaction of Am(VI) was found to be the same as for other hexavalent actinides. The apparent equilibrium constant varied with the concentration of peroxodisulfate used for the valence control, which was ascribed to the competitive reaction of the extraction of Am(VI) and the complex formation of Am(VI) with sulfate ion produced by the decomposition of peroxodisulfate. A distribution coefficient of Am(VI) above 1 was obtained with undiluted TBP and the separation factor between Am(VI) and Nd(III) was 87±9. TBP extraction of Am(VI), after implementing valence control, was proved to be an effective method for the partitioning of americium from fission products such as rare earth elements.
- Journal of nuclear science and technology
Journal of nuclear science and technology 33(5), p.403-408, 1996-05-25
Atomic Energy Society of Japan