Design Study of Feasible Water Detritiation Systems for Fusion Reactor of ITER Scale
Two types of water detritiation systems have been designed for fusion reactors of ITER scale. One of the systems is a combination of WD (Water Distillation) and VPCE(vapor phase catalytic exchange) columns. The other is a combination of a WD column and a CECE(combined electrolysis catalytic exchange) column. Three water distillation columns are needed for the former system. The total height of the three columns is 106 m. The height of the water distillation and CECE columns for the latter system are 20 and 24m, respectively. These large water distillation columns result in the larger tritium inventory of the former system than for the latter system. However, there have been the results for the operation of the actual scale of the water distillation and VPCE columns. No demonstration test has been carried out for the CECE column. From these reasons, the WD+VPCE system should be the first candidate for the fusion reactor. The WD+CECE system is superior to the WD+VPCE system for the flexibility in design as well as the tritium inventory. It is desired to demonstrate the CECE column to develop the water detritiation system best suited to the fusion reactors.
- Journal of nuclear science and technology
Journal of nuclear science and technology 33(12), p.981-992, 1996-12-25
Atomic Energy Society of Japan