Trapping and Measuring Radioiodine (Iodine129) in Cartridge Filters
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Abstract
To understand the distribution of <SUP>129</SUP>I trapped in AgS (silverimpregnated silica gel) adsorbent and to determine a calibration curve for measurement of this <SUP>129</SUP>I, cartridges containing 10 inline (arranged in series) filter elements, each packed with a 10mm thickness of adsorbent, were fed from 20Bq (3.3μg) to 4.6MBq (768mg) of <SUP>129</SUP>I at 150°C at a gas velocity of 22cm/s. The <SUP>129</SUP>I in each filter element was measured after the adsorbent had been mixed homogeneously until the counting rates at the front and back surfaces of the filter element became equal. The amount of input <SUP>129</SUP>I was allocated to each filter in proportion to the counting rates thus obtained. <BR>The first 7 of the 10 filter elements completely confined 4.6MBq of <SUP>129</SUP>I. Therefore, the width of the adsorption zone was 7cm. Although each filter element in the cartridge could theoretically adsorb 2.92MBq (485mg) of <SUP>129</SUP>I, the first element captured only 1.42MBq, which was 49% of its saturation value. Its DF had dropped to a level of 2.21 for its adsorption of only 17.4% of the saturated amount. As <SUP>129</SUP>I continued to be deposited, the DF dropped to 1.45. The high gas velocity causes this phenomenon. Plots of counting rates vs. adsorption quantity provide a calibration curve covering a range of 20Bq to 2MBq of <SUP>129</SUP>I with deviation of ±13%. This curve is expressed by lny=0.57+0.96lnx, <BR>where y is the counting rate (counts/300s) and x the quantity of <SUP>129</SUP>I in Bq.
Journal

 Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology 34(2), 211216, 19970225
Atomic Energy Society of Japan