Accurate Estimation of Subcriticality Using Indirect Bias Estimation Method, (II) Applications
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Subcriticalities were estimated by applying the Indirect Bias Estimation Method to subcritical experiments on a light-water moderated/reflected low-enriched UO<SUB>2</SUB> lattice cores. Two measurable values, prompt neutron time-decay constant and spatial-decay constant were calculated using MCNP 4A and JENDL-3.2. With these calculation errors, the biases in calculated reactivity were derived from the Indirect Bias Estimation Method. The differences between the calculated and measured spatial-decay constants were more or less at the same extent of experimental errors. These results show that the accuracy of subcriticality estimation of MCNP 4A and JENDL-3.2 ranges within the uncertainty which can be achieved by the exponential experiment. The differences between calculated and measured prompt neutron decay constants derive significant biases in calculated reactivity. The subcriticalities were estimated by using the effective multiplication factors adjusted based on these biases in calculated reactivity.
- Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology 34(6), 544-550, 1997-06-25
Atomic Energy Society of Japan