Improvements of Water Chemistry for Moderating Environmental Impacts of BWR Plants
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<BR>In order to cause fewer environmental impacts, nuclear power plant systems and operational procedures with fewer radwaste sources, lower occupational exposures and smaller operational areas contaminated by radioactivity which will minimize internal exposure, have been established. Collaborative efforts have demonstrated that the combined application of major improvements in the systems and better operational procedures (e.g., (1) prevention of fuel defects, (2) application of low cobalt containing and corrosion resistant materials for the primary cooling system, (3) improvement of condensate water cleanup system and the resins applied to it, and (4) careful water chemistry control) is resulting in BWRs involved in the Japanese Improvement and Standardization Program (JISP BWRs) having occupational exposure of less than 0.5man•Sv/yr, minimized contaminated areas in turbine buildings to only around the main steam turbines, and radwaste sources pro-ducing fewer than 500drums/yr. Additionally, the JISP BWRs have high reliability with more than a 75% duty factor and unscheduled plant shudown occurrences of fewer than once in 10 years.
- Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology 34(9), 948-959, 1997-09-25
Atomic Energy Society of Japan