Development of Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Steels for FBR Core Application, (II) Morphology Improvement by Martensite Transformation
Previously manufactured oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic steel cladding tubes had inferior internal creep rupture strength in the circumferential hoop direction. This unexpected feature of ODS cladding tubes was substantially ascribed to the needle-like grain structure aligned with the forming direction. In this study, the grain morphology was controlled by using the martensite transformation in ODS martensitic steels to produce an equi-axial grain structure. A major improvement in the strength anisotropy was successfully achieved. The most effective yttria addition was about 1mass% in improving the strength of the ODS martensitic steels. A simple addition of titanium was particularly effective in increasing the strength level of the ODS martensitic steels to that of ODS ferritic steels.
- Journal of nuclear science and technology
Journal of nuclear science and technology 35(4), 294-300, 1998-04-25
Atomic Energy Society of Japan