Multi-parametric Measurement of Prompt Neutrons and Fission Fragments for ^<233>U(n_<th>, f)
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The multiplicity and the energy of prompt neutrons from the fragments for <SUP>233</SUP>U(nth, f) were measured as functions of fragment mass and total kinetic energy. Average neutron energy against the fragment mass showed a nearly symmetric distribution about the half mass division with two valleys at 98 and 145u. This shape formed a contrast with a saw-tooth distribution of the average neutron multiplicity. It indicates that the shell-effects, which are pronounced for the fragments having the proton number or neutron number close to the magic-number of 50 or 82, affected the neutron emission process. The slope of the neutron multiplicity with total kinetic energy depended on the fragment mass and showed the minimum at about 130u. The obtained neutron data were applied to determine the total excitation energy of the system, and the resulting value in the typical asymmetric fission lied between 22 and 25MeV. The excitation energy agreed with that determined by subtracting the total kinetic energy from the Q-value within 1MeV, thus satisfied the energy conservation. In the symmetric fission, where the mass yield was drastically suppressed, the total excitation energy is significantly large and reaches to about 40MeV, suggesting that fragment pairs are preferentially formed in a compact configuration at the scission point.
- Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology 35(9), 631-642, 1998-09-25
Atomic Energy Society of Japan