Transient Behaviors of Plasma and In-vessel Components when Considering Divertor Plasma State Transition in a Fusion Reactor
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Transient behaviors of plasma and in-vessel components have been investigated considering the divertor plasma state (detached/attached) transition. The SAFALY code consisting of a zero-dimensional plasma model and a one-dimensional heat transfer model of components has been modified to take account of the divertor plasma state transition on the basis of the updated divertor plasma physics. Several plasma events, i.e., over fueling, sudden auxiliary heating injection and confinement improvement events which would be expected to result in overpower, were selected for the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) and the transient behaviors were calculated on the assumption of a combined failure of plasma control and machine interlock in addition with a postulated plasma transient. The results show that plasma burning passively terminates due to sublimated impurity penetration from the carbon target surface, but there are possibilities of dry out of the coolant for the high heat flux in sudden attached state transition under the multifailure of plasma control. However, effects by the aggravating failure of the divertor are expected to be safely terminated by the confinement boundary, the vacuum vessel and its pressure suppression system.
- Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology 35(12), 916-927, 1998-12-25
Atomic Energy Society of Japan