IRの結晶化への飽和脂肪酸濃度の効果 CRYSTALLIZATION BEHAVIOR OF NATURAL RUBBER, PART3 EFFECT OF SATURATED FATTY ACID ON CRYSTALLIZATION OF CIS-1, 4-POLYISOPRENE
Crystallization behavior of synthetic <i>cis</i>-1, 4 polyisoprene (IR), mixed with 0.4×10<sup>-2</sup>mol/kg_??_4.8×10<sup>-2</sup>mol/kg saturated fatty acid, was investigated by dilatometry at -25 and -15°C. The crystallization of IR was abruptly promoted by the addition of saturated fatty acids higher than 1.0×10<sup>-2</sup>mol/kg, such as stearic acid, palmitic acid and myristic acid, respectively, because of the formation of crystalline domain of the fatty acids. But, capric acid did not stimulate the crystallization of IR due to melting at above -25°C and soluble into IR. These demonstarate that the lowest concentration of fatty acids necessary for the acceleration of the crystallization rate of IR was 1.0×10<sup>-2</sup>mol/kg, when fatty acid formed crystalline domain dispersed in IR matrix. The crystallization of IR was influenced by not only equilibrium crystal structure, but also dynamic deposition of stearic acid from melt, which was confirmed by precooling of the rubber at 0, 10 and 30°C before crystallization at -25°C.
日本ゴム協會誌 72(7), 413-417, 1999-07-15
THE SOCIRETY OF RUBBER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGYY, JAPAN