韓国の銀行の取引行動から見た韓日間の国際的都市システム The International Urban System between Korea and Japan in Terms of Transactions of Korean Banks with Japan
The purpose of this paper is to discuss the possibility of direct and stable international linkages between nonmetropolitan cities in the international urban system between Korea and Japan in terms of banking transactions.<br> The data used in this study were obtained from 24 banks in Korea, and the author analyzed the following four points: 1) the characteristics of locational trend of Korean banks from an international viewpoint; 2) the concentration patterns of international transactions with Japan; 3) the location of branch offices with overseas management functions; and 4) the features of linkages between Korean and Japanese cities.<br> The results are summarized as follows: 1. A cluster analysis of domestic branch office location of Korean banks identified four types: national type, metropolitan type, regional type, and provincial type. Overseas branches of Korean banks have mostly been established by those headquartered in Seoul, and branches of foreign banks are concentrated in Seoul.<br> 2. Korean banks are classified into four types according to the location of overseas management office: one-center type, two-center type, three-center type, and decentralized type. An ANOVA analysis of the concentration of transactions with Japan by each type revealed that the linkages between Seoul and Tokyo are significantly stronger than those between other cities.<br> 3. Lorenz curves of office location show that branches with overseas functions are more concentrated in Seoul and Tokyo, and among the nonmetropolitan cites are relatively more heavily concentrated in Fukuoka, Taegu, and Pusan.<br> 4. Results from the case studies of two Korean banks headquartered in Taegu and Pusan are: 1) both banks have their overseas management offices in their headquarters, in contrast to other local banks which have their overseas management offices in Seoul; and 2) among the nonmetropolitan cities in Japan, both banks have also small-scale transactions with Fukuoka.<br> 5. In conclusion, linkages between nonmetropolitan cities in the international urban system are still weak, but the international business functions of branches in local cities are expected to promote regional economic development and to transform the structure of the international urban system.
- 地理学評論. Ser. A
地理学評論. Ser. A 70(10), 661-675, 1997-10
The Association of Japanese Geographers