防災概念の変革期における地理学の役割 The role of Geography in Natural Disaster Prevention in the Twenty-First Century

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The great Hanshin-Awaji earthquake disaster prompted the reconsideration of natural hazard prevention programs in Japan. This paper discusses the role of geography in natural hazard prevention programs for the twenty-first century.<br> Natural hazard prevention programs have been decided upon by the government without sufficient social discussion. However, as there is a variety of natural hazards and they are very complicated, it is impossible to effectively control all of them. As we enter the twenty-first century, the decline in the Japanese population brings with it a reduction of financial resources readily available for such programs. It is therefore important to elicit social consensus on an appropriate safety level for disaster prevention.<br> Points of discussion for the reconstruction of hazard prevention programs are as follows:<br> (1) establishing the principle of self-decision for hazard reduction;<br> (2) importance of prevention programs appropriate to the regional characteristics of natural hazards;<br> (3) balance between prevention and reduction of hazards;<br> (4) discussion of priorities to be included in hazard prevention programs based on the analyses for the probability of each hazard;<br> (5) sustainability of the hazard prevention program itself; and<br> (6) required natural hazard education based on current advances in science.<br> Geographical studies that should be promoted for the advancement of natural hazard prevention are as follows:<br> (1) mechanism of natural hazards;<br> (2) hazard mapping and its application for a geographic information system;<br> (3) review of hazard prevention and development programs in the twentieth century;<br> (4) comparative and cognitive study on the views of natural hazards in various countries;<br> (5) regional policy for hazard reduction;<br> (6) education for natural hazard prevention; and<br> (7) review of concrete planning for natural hazard reduction.

収録刊行物

  • 地理学評論. Ser. A  

    地理学評論. Ser. A 70(12), 818-823, 1997-12-01 

    The Association of Japanese Geographers

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10002221366
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN1016484X
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    SHO
  • ISSN
    00167444
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    4350530
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZG1(歴史・地理)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z8-571
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  J-STAGE 
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