防災概念の変革期における地理学の役割 The role of Geography in Natural Disaster Prevention in the Twenty-First Century
The great Hanshin-Awaji earthquake disaster prompted the reconsideration of natural hazard prevention programs in Japan. This paper discusses the role of geography in natural hazard prevention programs for the twenty-first century.<br> Natural hazard prevention programs have been decided upon by the government without sufficient social discussion. However, as there is a variety of natural hazards and they are very complicated, it is impossible to effectively control all of them. As we enter the twenty-first century, the decline in the Japanese population brings with it a reduction of financial resources readily available for such programs. It is therefore important to elicit social consensus on an appropriate safety level for disaster prevention.<br> Points of discussion for the reconstruction of hazard prevention programs are as follows:<br> (1) establishing the principle of self-decision for hazard reduction;<br> (2) importance of prevention programs appropriate to the regional characteristics of natural hazards;<br> (3) balance between prevention and reduction of hazards;<br> (4) discussion of priorities to be included in hazard prevention programs based on the analyses for the probability of each hazard;<br> (5) sustainability of the hazard prevention program itself; and<br> (6) required natural hazard education based on current advances in science.<br> Geographical studies that should be promoted for the advancement of natural hazard prevention are as follows:<br> (1) mechanism of natural hazards;<br> (2) hazard mapping and its application for a geographic information system;<br> (3) review of hazard prevention and development programs in the twentieth century;<br> (4) comparative and cognitive study on the views of natural hazards in various countries;<br> (5) regional policy for hazard reduction;<br> (6) education for natural hazard prevention; and<br> (7) review of concrete planning for natural hazard reduction.
- 地理学評論. Ser. A
地理学評論. Ser. A 70(12), 818-823, 1997-12-01
The Association of Japanese Geographers