バンクーバー市ウェストブロードウェイにおける在来型商業地の存続基盤 Basis for the Continued Existence of Traditional-style Commercial Streets : A Case Study of West Broadway in Vancouver

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北米のダウンタウンと郊外との中間地域において,古くから住宅地内に存在する在来型商業地は,これまで衰退傾向にあると理解されてきた.本研究では,衰退を免れた在来型商業地の例としてバンクーバー市のウェストブロードウェイを取り上げ,その店舗構成とフロア別用途利用を明らかにした上で,商業地の存続がいかなる環境によってもたらされているのかを検討した.その結果,周辺に分布する中上級の住宅地の存在,駐車スペースの確保,エスニック系店舗の存在,ショッピングセンターにはない個性的な店舗構成,若者に支持されやすい商業地の位置と空間構成,大型スーパと中小零細店舗の共存,以上の6種の環境がウェストブロードウェイの存続基盤になっていることが分かった.

The commercial districts of North American cities, especially the retail districts, are mainly located in downtown or suburban areas. In the past few decades, several articles have been devoted to the study of cities, but so far the study of retail streets which lie between downtown and suburban areas has been superficial. The purpose of this paper is to examine the composition of a traditional-style commercial street in Vancouver's inner area and find the reasons for its continued existence.<br> The study area of this article is West Broadway (from Larch St. to Collingwood St.) in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. This area is located on the south side of English Bay, and its length is about 1.5km. A middle-to-high-class residential area surrounds the West Broadway shopping district.<br> As regards the composition of buildings and activities, there are few medium-rise buildings on the street. Looking at ground-floor activities, most floor-uses comprise retail shops, restaurants, cafes, and other service shops. There are more "shopping-goods" shops than "convenience-goods" shops. How-ever, the total frontage length of the latter is nearly equal to that of the former. Quite a few ethnic shops are located on West Broadway : nine Greek shops, three Japanese shops, three Chinese shops, one Spanish shop, one Mongolian shop, and one Italian shop. West Broadway takes on the aspect of a gourmet street, because the most of, the ethnic shops are either restaurants or cafes, and these at-tract many customers. On the other hand, there are some new condominiums which have shops on their ground floors. It is clear that the majority of condo residents are good customers of the shops on West Broadway.<br> As the basis for the continued existence, there are six social and economic factors involved. First, a middle-to-high-class residential area is located around West Broadway. Second, there are many conven-ient parking spaces along West Broadway, or at the rear of its shops. Third, ethnic shops make West Broadway an attractive gourmet street. Fourth, West Broadway has an unique personality which can-not be found in suburban shopping centres. Fifth, "yuppies" favour West Broadway as a fascinating "space". Sixth, on West Broadway supermarkets and smaller retail businesses coexist. All of these fac-tors combine with beneficial multiplier effects, and in consequence, they provide a very firm basis for the continued existence of this traditional style of commercial street.

収録刊行物

  • 地理学評論. Ser. A  

    地理学評論. Ser. A 71(7), 515-526, 1998-07 

    The Association of Japanese Geographers

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  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10002222241
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN1016484X
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    SHO
  • ISSN
    00167444
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    4509790
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZG1(歴史・地理)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z8-571
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  NDL  J-STAGE 
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