奥地山村における青年男子従業者の就業過程 -岐阜県郡上郡和良村を事例として- Migration and Occupation Careers of Young Male Employees in a Remote Mountainous Area : A Case Study of Wara Village, Gifu Prefecture

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奥地山村の地域経済は公共部門への依存によって特徴づけられる.本研究では岐阜県和良村における青年男子の就業過程として移動および職業歴を調査し,奥地山村における職業構造を分析した.その結果,後継者などを除くと村内の職業は従業員の現職就業年齢と学歴によって3グループに分類されることが明らかになった.第1の役場・農協の事務職員のグループは現職就業年齢が最も若く,学歴は最も高い.このグループは高賃金と福利厚生制度の充実によって特徴づけられる.第2の建設業・誘致工場労務職のグループは現職就業年齢の面では役場・農協の事務職員のグループに準じるが,学歴は低い.そして第3の中小工場労務職のグループは現職就業年齢が著しく高い.また高齢従業員の引退に伴う青年労働力の更新が可能になっているのは役場・農協の事務職員のグループのみで,他の二つのグループは労働力不足の問題が深刻化しつつある.

Local economies in remote mountainous areas are characterized by dependence on the public sec-tor. In this paper, the author examines the structure of occupations in a remote mountainous area by analyzing the migration and occupational careers of young male employees.<br> In the surveyed Wara village, male employees can be classified into three groups based on the age of first employment and educational background. The first group consists of officials of the municipal-ity and the agricultural cooperative. This group is characterized by high wages and a well-established social welfare system. The employees in this group had the highest educational back-ground and were the youngest when first employed. The second group consists of laborers of construc-tion companies and factories that the local authority invited to the area. The employees in this group were almost as young as those in the first group when they were employed but had lower educational backgrounds. The third group consists of laborers in small factories, excluding those men-tioned above. Most of the employees in this group were recruited at 30 years of age or older. Therefore the age of first employment in this group was by far the oldest of the three groups.<br> In contrast to these employees, the age at which employment started and the educational back-grounds of business founders, successors of well-managed companies, and professionals such as survey-ors and physicians were variable.<br> Currently, only the municipal administration and the agricultural cooperative can employ young labor force participants as older employees retire.

収録刊行物

  • 地理学評論. Ser. A  

    地理学評論. Ser. A 71(8), 573-587, 1998-08 

    The Association of Japanese Geographers

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10002222293
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN1016484X
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    SHO
  • ISSN
    00167444
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    4532746
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZG1(歴史・地理)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z8-571
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  J-STAGE 
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