奥地山村における青年男子従業者の就業過程 -岐阜県郡上郡和良村を事例として- [in Japanese] Migration and Occupation Careers of Young Male Employees in a Remote Mountainous Area : A Case Study of Wara Village, Gifu Prefecture [in Japanese]
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Local economies in remote mountainous areas are characterized by dependence on the public sec-tor. In this paper, the author examines the structure of occupations in a remote mountainous area by analyzing the migration and occupational careers of young male employees.<br> In the surveyed Wara village, male employees can be classified into three groups based on the age of first employment and educational background. The first group consists of officials of the municipal-ity and the agricultural cooperative. This group is characterized by high wages and a well-established social welfare system. The employees in this group had the highest educational back-ground and were the youngest when first employed. The second group consists of laborers of construc-tion companies and factories that the local authority invited to the area. The employees in this group were almost as young as those in the first group when they were employed but had lower educational backgrounds. The third group consists of laborers in small factories, excluding those men-tioned above. Most of the employees in this group were recruited at 30 years of age or older. Therefore the age of first employment in this group was by far the oldest of the three groups.<br> In contrast to these employees, the age at which employment started and the educational back-grounds of business founders, successors of well-managed companies, and professionals such as survey-ors and physicians were variable.<br> Currently, only the municipal administration and the agricultural cooperative can employ young labor force participants as older employees retire.
- Geographical review of Japan, Series B.
Geographical review of Japan, Series B. 71(8), 573-587, 1998-08
The Association of Japanese Geographers