パプアニューギニア, ヒュオン半島のサンゴ礁段丘に記録された第四紀後期(52ka以降)の地震隆起 Late Quaternary Coseismic Uplift, Analysed by Coral Terraces of the Huon Peninsula, Papua New Guinea
A flight of coral terraces, up to <I>ca</I>. 1, 000 m above sea level, is well preserved on the northern coast of the Huon Peninsula, Papua New Guinea, and records the sea level and tectonic history since ca. 300 ka. The region is located near the boundary between the Western Pacific and Australian plates. The uplift rate since the last interglacial maximum (oxygen isotope stage 5e) ranges from 0.7 m/ka at the northwest end of the coast, and up to 3.5 m/ka towards the southeast end. Late Quaternary paleoseismicity is estimated from subdivided Holocene and late Pleistocene terraces, each of which records meter-scale coseismic uplift events.<BR>The study area covers about 40 km of coast. Holocene coral terraces, up to 25 m above sea level, are divided into seven levels at maximum, four to five at most sites. The highest Holocene terrace is a reef crest representing former sea level of the culmination of the sea level rise at ca. 6-6.6 ka BP. The lower terraces are regressive terraces, which record successive intermittent uplift events, probably caused by great earthquakes. Timing of the Holocene uplift events is <I>ca</I>. 2.5, 3.8, 4.4-5.1, and 5.4 ka BP at Kwambu-Kilasairo area on the northwestern coast, and at <I>ca</I>. 0.8, 1.4, 1.8, 2.5, 3.9 and 5.4 ka BP at Kanomi-Nanda area to Hubegong on the central and southern coast. Difference in the timing of the uplift events implies that there are at least two tectonic suregions on this coast.<BR>Similar small regressive terraces are also recognized from the detailed profiles of late Pleistocene terraces. For example, in the central and southern part of the study area, 15-7 extra steps occur between transgressive terrace IIIa (<I>ca</I>. 52 ka) and terrace II (<I>ca</I>. 38 ka). Thus, we infer that repeated meter-scale uplift events have occurred at least since <I>ca.</I> 52 ka. The apparent interval of uplift events, about 1-1.5 ka, resembles to that for Holocene.<BR>Such a meter-scale uplift with ka-scale recurrence intervals records a different earthquake deformation cycle from the centimeter-scale uplift associated with the 1992 May earthquake (<I>M</I>= 7.2 : Pandolfi <I>et al</I>., 1994). Such a small event with shorter recurrence interval is apparently not expressed geomorphologically as in the form of regressive terrace.
地學雜誌 104(5), 665-683, 1995-10-25
Tokyo Geographical Society