ヒマラヤ・チベット山域での氷河質量収支の最終氷期からの変遷 Transition of Glacier Mass Balance since the Glacial Period in the Himalaya-Tibet Mountainous Area
In the Himalayas-Tibet, glaciers varied much due to uplift of the area and variation of the monsoon as well as general climatic change since Quaternary ice ages. The variation of glacier mass balance is described qualitatively on the basis of present characteristics of summer-accumulation type glaciers. Variation of such glaciers is sensitive to that of summer temperature. Transition of annual variation patterns of the glacier mass balance is shown for the period from the last ice age to the present. Increase of ablation due to decrease of the surface albedo is considered to be effective in shrinking of the glaciers during this period. It is pointed out that development of methods to reconstruct the paleo-water-cycle under changing influence of the monsoon is important to clarify the history of areal characteristics of glacier accumulation.