電気亜鉛めっき鋼板のはんだ特性に及ぼす前めっきの影響 [in Japanese] Effect of Preplating on Electrogalvanized Steel Solderability [in Japanese]
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Sn and Pb-Sn plating steels are generally used as solderable outer-packaging materials for electrical machinery. Short-circuiting of electric machine parts due to the growth of Sn whiskers and the adverse influence of poisonous Pb on the environment arising with such materials have become increasingly serious problems.<br>Electrogalvanized steels have been used as replacements even though their solderability is not as good as that of Sn and Pb-Sn plating steels.<br>To improve solderability, we have studied Ni, Fe, and Sn preplating on electrogalvanized steels. In this report, we investigated solder spreadability, wettability, and peeling strength.<br>Ni or Fe preplating under the Zn plating layer effectively improved solderability. Ni preplating showed a particularly excellent value for solder peeling strength.<br>It was found that, while Zn gradually dissolved in solder, preplated Ni or Fe did not. This prevented the surface of the base steel from being exposed. Ni or Fe also formed Ni<sub>3</sub>Sn<sub>2</sub>, Ni<sub>3</sub>Sn, or FeSn<sub>2</sub> with solder. These improve steel solderability.
- Jitsumu Hyomen Gijutsu
Jitsumu Hyomen Gijutsu 47(8), 701-706, 1996-08
The Surface Finishing Society of Japan