Aqueous Micellar Two-Phase Systems for Protein Separation
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The extractive technique for protein purification based on two-phase separation in aqueous micellar solutions (aqueous micellar two-phase system (AMTPS)) is reviewed. The micellar solution of a nonionic surfactant, such as polyoxyethyl-ene alkyl ether, which is most frequently used for protein extraction, separates into two phases upon heating above its cloud point. The two phases consist of a surfactant-depleted phase (aqueous phase) and a surfactant-rich phase. Hydrophilic proteins are partitioned to the aqueous phase and hydrophobic membrane proteins are extracted into the sur-factant-rich phase. Because of the methodological simplicity and rapidity, this technique has become an effective means, and thus has been widely used for the purification and characterization of proteins. In contrast to polyoxyethylene alkyl ether, micellar solutions of a zwitterionic surfactant, such as alkylammoniopropyl sulfate, separate below the critical temperature. Alkylglucosides can also separate into two phases upon adding water-soluble polymers. Recently, these two-phase systems have been exploited for protein separation. Additionally, hydrophobic affinity ligands, charged polymers, and ionic surfactants have been successfully used for controlling the extractability of proteins in AMTPS.
- Analytical Sciences
Analytical Sciences 14(5), 875-888, 1998-10-10
The Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry