Enzyme-Linked Competitive Binding Assays Based on the Biotin/Avidin Interaction
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The strong interaction between biotin and avidin is utilized for the development of enzyme-linked competitive binding assays not only for biotin itself, but also for other biomolecules. Alkaline phosphatase, a single substrate enzyme typically used for heterogeneous types of competitive binding assays, is employed also for homogeneous types. For the biotin assay, the heterogeneous protocol offers a much improved detection capability when compared to the homogeneous type. A simple approach of simulating dose-response curves is introduced. An effective analyte concentration attached to an enzyme label is determined by using the same binder, but with a different enzyme label. The analyte system adapted to the biotin/avidin-mediated homogeneous protocol is digoxin and a monoclonal anti-digoxin antibody. The detection capabilities of these assays, particularly the homogeneous types, are shown to be limited by the detectability of the enzyme conjugate employed.
- Analytical Sciences
Analytical Sciences 15(4), 343-347, 1999-04
The Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry