Three-Dimensional Numerical Modeling of Deformation and Stress in the Himalaya and Tibetan Plateau with a Simple Geometry

この論文にアクセスする

この論文をさがす

著者

抄録

The Himalaya-Tibetan region is the most active continent-continent collision zone in the world. To understand the tectonics of the region, we have numerically modeled the deformation and stress fields in the region by using a three-dimensional finite element technique. For the sake of simplicity, our model space has a simple geometry. It covers a fan-shaped region including the Himalayan Arc of about 2, 000 km in length in the south and the Tibetan Plateau in the north, and extends to a depth of 250 km. We consider several combinations of boundary conditions. In a typical case, the boundary conditions are as follows: on the southern boundary of the model space, we impose a uniform velocity of 50 mm/year northward in the direction normal to the Himalayan Arc; the northern and basal boundaries of the model space are constrained by "roller" conditions; and other boundaries of the model space are left free. We do not consider the gravitational forces. In this case, the deformation field shows that the region far inside the Tibetan Plateau is experiencing an east-west extension at a rate of 6 mm/year and that the maximum uplift at a rate of -4 mm/year occurs mostly along the Indus-Tsangpo suture zone. The stress field has interesting features; the magnitudes of the near-surface stresses beneath the Lesser and Greater Himalaya varies considerably along the arc. It is large in the western and eastern Himalaya (the maximum rate of stress build-up is - 0.003 MPa/year) and small in the central Himalaya. In the Tibetan Plateau, the stresses are quite large in the central portion. The modeled stresses far inside the Tibetan Plateau agree with strike-slip faulting predominantly observed there, while those in southern Tibet are not consistent with normal faulting revealed by focal mechanism solutions.

収録刊行物

  • Journal of physics of the earth  

    Journal of physics of the earth 44(3), 227-254, 1996-06 

    The Seismological Society of Japan, The Volcanological Society of Japan , The Geodetic Society of Japan

参考文献:  65件

参考文献を見るにはログインが必要です。ユーザIDをお持ちでない方は新規登録してください。

被引用文献:  1件

被引用文献を見るにはログインが必要です。ユーザIDをお持ちでない方は新規登録してください。

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10002428339
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA00704960
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    00223743
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    4060609
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZM41(科学技術--地球科学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z53-B237
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  J-STAGE 
ページトップへ