Fatigue Properties of Sand Cast, Stircast and Extruded Al-7Si-0.3Mg Alloy with Trace Additions of Be and Mn
Present study devotes to an understanding of the fatigue behaviour of Al–7Si–0.3Mg sand cast alloys at varying iron levels and with beryllium and manganese trace additions and when the alloy is stircast and extruded. From the stress(S)-number of cycles to failure(N)-(S-N) curves it is observed that the presence of higher amount of iron (0.76%) in sand cast alloys leads to shorter fatigue life. Beryllium and manganese additions to higher iron containing alloy (0.76%) show better fatigue properties than low (0.29%) and high (0.76%) iron containing sand cast alloys, thus countering the detrimental effect of iron. Better fatigue life of beryllium and manganese added high iron alloy is due to the presence of (Be, Mn)–Fe phases only inside α-Al dendrites. Fatigue life of stircast and extruded low iron (0.44%) alloy is superior to sand cast low (0.29%) iron alloys. Observation of fractured surfaces reveals that porosity/inclusions is the high stress concentrating point where crack originates (stage-I) and then propagates (stage-II) depending on the presence of the second phases. In the case of low iron alloys (sand and extruded stircast) crack propagates along eutectic silicon, while in the high iron alloys crack propagates through brittle β-phase. In beryllium and manganese added alloys, even though crack nucleates on (Be, Mn)–Fe phase, it will be arrested as it approaches α-Al dendrites and hence, crack has to propagate along silicon particles. Fractured surface of the stircast and extruded alloys has revealed fine fatigue fracture with striation as compared to sand cast alloys. This aspect of crack nucleation and propagation is explained schematically.
- Materials transactions, JIM
Materials transactions, JIM 38(1), 28-36, 1997-01