Control of Early Solidification in Continuous Casting by Horizontal Oscillation in Synchronization with Vertical Oscillation of the Mold

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A new method of mold oscillation for continuous casting termed "horizontal oscillation" was developed to reduce the depth of oscillation marks without increasing the possibility of breakout. In this method, the wide faces of the mold oscillate horizontally in synchronization with conventional vertical oscillation. Oscillation marks on slabs of SUS304 cast with a pilot continuous caster were examined under various conditions of mold oscillation. Horizontal oscillation successfully reduced the depth of oscillation marks and surface segregation at oscillation marks, and was extremely effective when the wide face of the mold was expanded against the solidified shell during positive strip time. Experiments with an actual machine reproduced these effects of horizontal oscillation. A numerical analysis of the deformation of the solidified shell during one cycle of vertical oscillation was performed to study the effect of horizontal oscillation on the control of early solidification near the meniscus. Friction force acting on the shell near meniscus was also discussed to explain the reduction in the surface segregation.

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  • ISIJ international  

    ISIJ international 38(5), 461-468, 1998-05-15 

    The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan

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