Simple Model for Prediction of Temperatures in an L-shaped Tundish -Verification by Continuous Temperature Measurements-

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    • GRIP Cari-Erik
    • SSAB Tunnplat AB Postgraduate work at Lulea University of Technology


A simple model concept developed for the SSAB steel plant was tested on data for another plant. That plant had an L-shaped tundish for billet casting. A special tanks in series model was developed for the steel flow in that tundish. The rest of the model could be used without change. It consists of simple equations for heat loss in ladle and tundish, as well as for the effect of thermal stratification and drainage flows in the ladle. The model was verified against existing data from continuous temperature measurements. The results show that the model approach developed for the steel plant of SSAB can also give good predictions with a different plant and tundish design. A simple mixing model could be used even for a complicated tundish configuration.


  • Transactions of the Iron and Steel Institute of Japan  

    Transactions of the Iron and Steel Institute of Japan 38(7), 704-713, 1998-07-15 

    The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan

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