Degradation Characteristics of Iron Ore Fines of a Wide Size Distribution in Fluidized-bed Reduction
Three mechanisms of the degradation behavior of iron ore fines (IOF) sized 1 to 5 mm during fluidized-bed reduction have been investigated: mechanical degradation (MD), thermal degradation (TD) and reactional degradation (RD). The effects of operational parameters such as ore type, temperature, superficial gas velocity, and reducing gas composition have also been studied. The degradation in three mechanisms has been quantitatively evaluated by the amount of IOF smaller than 1 mm which was produced and by the weight change of IOF in the bed during fluidization. The reactional degradation becomes the most predominant aspect among the three and the thermal degradation is the least when the IOF has a low water content, while the degradations of all three aspects are not much different in contribution when the IOF has a high water content. For the effect of operating parameters, the IOF of a lower sphericity showed a higher degradation in the cold fluidization under inert atmosphere but this effect was lessened or negligible under a fluidized-bed reduction at a high temperature. A higher water content in the IOF demonstrated a higher degradation at a high temperature. In the fluidized-bed reduction, the degradation was little affected by the reaction temperature, the superficial gas velocity, and the reducing gas composition. In addition, all three aspects of degradation were mostly completed in the early stage, within 15 min, of the operations.
- ISIJ international
ISIJ international 38(9), 943-952, 1998-09-15
The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan