Solubility Product of TiN in Austenite
The solubility product of TiN in an austenitic steel was experimentally determined using a diffusion couple technique. Diffusion couples consisting of Ti–N steels with various compositions were annealed at temperatures between 1 473 and 1623 K, taking special care to exclude the oxygen contamination during the annealing. The solubility limit of TiN was determined from the break points of iso-activity lines for nitrogen. A thermodynamic analysis was also carried out to arrive at solubility products by considering the wide range of temperature dependence of the TiN formation energy. Solubility products in austenite (γ), ferrite (α or δ) and liquid phases were determined as log(mass%Ti)(mass%N)<sub>γ</sub>=4.35–14 890/<I>T</I>, log(mass%Ti)(mass%N)<sub>α(δ)</sub>= 4.65–16310/<I>T</I> and log(mass%Ti)(mass%N)<sub>liq</sub>=4.46–13500/<I>T</I> respectively.
- ISIJ international
ISIJ international 38(9), 991-997, 1998-09-15
The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan