Effect of Solute Convection on the Macrosegregation in Pb-Sn Binary Alloys during Upward Directional Solidification

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    • LI Ming
    • Faculty of Engineering, Himeji Institute of Technology


Upward directional solidification experiments have been carried out on Pb-Sn binary alloys. The macrosegregation along the length of a sample in hypereutectic Pb-Sn alloys is not observed. However, it is observed in the hypoeutectic Pb-Sn binary alloy. The intensity of the longitudinal macrosegregation increases as the solidification rate decreases. It can be found that solute convection resulted from the density profile of interdendritic melt and induced the macrosegregation. The intensity of the interdendritic solute convection responsible for the longitudinal macrosegregation can be represented by the effective partition coefficient of the alloy. The change in the length of a mushy zone affects the intensity of the solute convection during the upward directional solidification even when steady-state dendritic growth is maintained.


  • Transactions of the Iron and Steel Institute of Japan  

    Transactions of the Iron and Steel Institute of Japan 39(1), 33-38, 1999-01 

    The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan

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