アジアのエネルギー需要と課題 [in Japanese] Energy Supply and Demand in Asia and Subjects [in Japanese]
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In recent years, the Asia/Pacific region, above all Asia, has achieved a remarkable economic growth, and played the role of a growth center in the world. Given Asia's vast areas and huge populations, a higher economic growth should have a massive impact on its total energy demand. However, Asia's energy resources are by far smaller than the world's average in either current production or per-population reserves terms. The emerging economies in Asia require the stable supply of energy kept flowing from outside the region for the sustainable development. What's sending Asia's energy demand up is the strong demand for the secondary energy such as electricity and petroleum products. Judging from greater domination of electricity, rural electrification, and advancing motorization in the years to come, the strong demand is likely to become stronger. Particularly, to better meet the high electricity growth, huge projects are planned for power development and transmission/distribution grid construction. The problem is whether the international community can fully afford necessary funds for such projects. Asian factors, like heavy coal dependence in meeting its primary energy demand and enormous populations, are causing many subjects to be solved, not to mention air pollution but acid rain now spreading region-wide and global environmental problem.
- Journal of MMIJ
Journal of MMIJ 114(3), 145-154, 1998-03-25
The Mining and Materials Processing Institute of Japan