東アジアの石刃技術成立期に関する予察 -中国北部の様相解明を中心として- The Appearance of Blade Technique in East Asia

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著者

    • 加藤 真二 KATO Shinji
    • 奈良国立文化財研究所平城宮跡発掘調査部 Nara National Cultural Properties Research Institute

抄録

中国北部地域の旧石器文化を対象として,その石刃技術の成立期の様相を提示するとともに,朝鮮半島・日本列島の該期の様相との比較を行い,東アジアの石刃技術成立期の特徴の把握を試みた.その結果,中国北部では石刃技術の成立とその石器文化への組み込みをめぐって,北アジアのムスチエ文化の系統を引く文化の流入によるものと,在地の中期旧石器文化の自律的な発展によるもの,という2つの状況を確認できた.<br>また,朝鮮半島・日本列島との比較では,各地域で約3.5万から3万年前に石刃技術が成立し,石器製作技術へ導入されたことが判明した.その状況は,技術や伝統を異にするいくつかの在地的な中期旧石器文化を基礎とし,各地域での自律的な技術発展の結果,石刃技術が成立し,石器製作技術へ組み込まれていったと想定できるものであった.仮に,地域間に石刃技術の伝播が存在していたとしても,それは限定されたものと考えられる.

In North China, blades were first produced about 32, 000yrs B. P. There were two conditions for the appearance of blade technique. One is represented by blades from Shuidonggou(_??__??__??_), Ningxia province, which are distinguished by the presence of a tabular core and a scraper on the blade. Based on the technological resemblance between Shuidonggou and Mousterian objects in North Asia, it is assumed that the two cultures were related, and techniques were diffused from North Asia to North China with the change of cultural area.<br>The other set of conditions is represented by blades from Shiyu(_??__??_), Shanxi province, which are related to North Chinese Middle Palaeolithic cultures. Stone tools were used, and surviving blades are relatively few in number in this area. Based on archaeological records, three stages of the emergence of blade technique are hypothesized for this set of conditions. The first stage is represented by late Middle Palaeolithic industries such as those from Liujiacha(_??__??__??_), Gansu province. The technological foundation for blade technique was formed in this stage. The next stage is represented by Xinmiaozhuang(_??__??__??_), Hebei province. The blades produced in this stage were relatively wide, and were not used in tool making. Blades in the third stage were used for tools. The representative site is Shiyu. It is assumed that this sequence of stages illus trates the domestic development of palaeolithic technology in North China.<br>In the Korean Peninsula and the Japanese Islands, blade industries appeared about 30, 000yrs B. P. Those blade techniques are similar to those of Shiyu, and younger than those of North China. It may be supposed that blade techniques in Korea and Japan spread from North China with the movement of human groups. At the same time, there are many differences between palaeolithic cultures in these three areas, and the domestic development of blade technique is also observed in the archaeological records of Japan. Thus, if there was cultural diffusion around East Asia in the early Upper Palaeolithic age, its influence was relatively limited; the main origin of Upper Palaeolithic culture in each area of East Asia was the domestic development of techniques that progressed independently.

収録刊行物

  • 第四紀研究  

    第四紀研究 36(3), 197-206, 1997-07-31 

    Japan Association for Quaternary Research

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10002509269
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN0034136X
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    SHO
  • ISSN
    04182642
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    4283270
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZM49(科学技術--地球科学--地質)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z15-67
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  NDL  J-STAGE 
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