Indigenous Resource Management and Sustainable Development : Case Studies from Papua New Guinea and Indonesia

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抄録

In tropical waters reefs provide local populations with food as well as with a source of income. Various types of regulatory measures have been adopted worldwide for the sustainable use of these resources. The cases of Papua New Guinea and Indonesia are examined to evaluate the roles of customary practices under rapidly changing socio-economic conditions. In Maluku, eastern Indonesia, harvesting of coconut, sago, trepang, trochus, and reef fish is controlled by sasi, community-based resource management practices, under prior authorization by the head of local government. In Manus, Papua New Guinea, reefs are exclusively claimed and used by certain clan members. Disputes over reef ownership are resolved through either informal compromise between local groups or judgment in the local court, which gives customary practices top priority. These cases illustrate the significant role of local government as an important agency for resource management as well as social integration.

収録刊行物

  • Anthropological science : journal of the Anthropological Society of Nippon  

    Anthropological science : journal of the Anthropological Society of Nippon 103(4), 321-327, 1995-10 

    The Anthropological Society of Nippon

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10002616846
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA10915022
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    09187960
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    3311848
  • NDL 刊行物分類
    E31(民族学・文化人類学)
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZS1(科学技術--人類学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z19-11
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  NDL  J-STAGE 
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