Ainu and Ryukyuan Cranial Nonmetric Variation : Evidence which Disputes the Ainu-Ryukyu Common Origin Theory

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Presence or absence of 22 nonmetric traits was recorded in the crania from the islands of Amami, Okinawa, and Sakishima of the Ryukyu Islands. Their trait-frequency patterns were compared with the samples from East/Southeast Asia and the world using Smith's Mean Measure of Divergence (MMD) statistic, principal coordinate analysis, and neighbor-joining clustering algorithm. The results indicated that the Ryukyuan samples aligned with the East/Southeast Asian "Mongoloid" cluster and are far distant from the Jomon/Ainu cluster. These results do not support the prevailing view which favors a common origin of the Ainu and Ryukyuan peoples. Moreover, evidence based on morphological and genetic data supporting the present conclusion, and populational uniqueness of the Jomon and Ainu were discussed.

収録刊行物

  • Anthropological science : journal of the Anthropological Society of Nippon  

    Anthropological science : journal of the Anthropological Society of Nippon 106(2), 99-120, 1998-04 

    The Anthropological Society of Nippon

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10002618655
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA10915022
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    09187960
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    4536708
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZS1(科学技術--人類学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z54-J370
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  J-STAGE 
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