兵庫県南部地震における神戸市各区の火災被害と地域特性の関連 Relationship between Characterisyics of the Area and Fire Damage in Kobe City after the Hyogoken-nambu Earthquake

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本報では,地震時火災に対する安全な地域計画のための基礎的資料を得ることを目的として,兵庫県南部地震における神戸市各区の火災被害と幅広い地域特性の要素との関連を分析した。<br>文献に基づいて被害に関わると考えられる地域特性の要素を抽出し,それに対応する地域統計データと単位面積当たり出火件数,及び火災一件当たり焼損面積の相関を調べた。その結果,住宅水準・建物密度,住民属性,人口推移,危険物施設,消防水利,平年の火災被害等が,単位面積当たり出火件数や火災一件当たり延焼面積との関連が見られる傾向が示された。<br>(オンラインのみ掲載)

Following the Hyogoken-nambu Earthquake, many collapsed buildings spread fire extensively, and collapsed buildings on narrow streets prevented the fire-brigade from passing. This indicated that characteristics of the area including building density and width of the street, related to the fire damage. <br>In this paper, we discuss the relation between the fire damage following the Hyogoken-nambu Earthquake and the characteristics of each ward in Kobe City. <br>We surveyed the characteristics of the area of fire damage using papers and reports on the Earthquake as reference. Statistic data corresponding to the characteristics were selected based on the survey results, and the correlation between fire damage and statistics of each ward in Kobe City was analyzed. <br>Conclusions are as follows: <br>(1) Factors which can mitigate damage are trees near buildings or streets, various water supplies, and fire fighting by residents. Factors which spread fire are the remoteness to water supply and the closeness to hazardous material factories. <br>(2) Characteristics of the area which have high fire risk are described as follows: high density of old small houses, high ratio of the elderly living alone, low ratio of the growth of population, high density of hazardous material factories, and high number of building fires per year. <br>(3) Comparison of statistics related to fire damage indicates that some cities such as the 23 wards in Tokyo have similar risk to Kobe City.

収録刊行物

  • 日本火災学会論文集

    日本火災学会論文集 46(1), 13-25, 1997-04-30

    日本火災学会

参考文献:  34件中 1-34件 を表示

被引用文献:  1件中 1-1件 を表示

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10002685959
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN0018688X
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    05460794
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    4247368
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZN1(科学技術--建設工学・建設業)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z16-105
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  J-STAGE 
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