千葉市大気中における粒子状およびガス状塩素, 臭素およびヨウ素について [in Japanese] Particulate and Gaseous Cl, Br and I in the Chiba City Atmosphere [in Japanese]
Access this Article
Search this Article
Atmospheric particles and gases were collected with a low-volume sampler for every two weeks over the period from June 1991 to February 1992 in order to determine the variation of concentrations for particulate and gaseous Cl, Br and I in Chiba city. The contributions of resuspended soil particles to the content of the atmospheric particulate Cl, Br and I were negligibly small, based on the EF value which was defined as EF<SUB>x</SUB>=(X/Al)<SUB>particle</SUB> /(X/Al)<SUB>soil</SUB>. Particulate Cl and Br concentrations over the period from October to February were higher than those from June to September, whereas the variation in gaseous Cl and Br concentrations from June to February was small. Particulate I concentrations over the period from October to February were higher than those from June to September, whereas gaseous I concentrations showed the inverse seasonal variations. Thus, the concentration of particulate I seems to be complementary with that of gaseous I in the atmosphere. In addition, the clear correlation was observed between the atmospheric temperature during the each observation period and the gas-particle distribution factor of I [<I>f</I>(I)] which was defined as <I>f</I>(I)=<I>P</I>(I)/[<I>P</I>(I) + <I>G</I>(I)]. Here, <I>P</I>(I) and <I>G</I>(I) are the concentrations of particulate and gaseous I, respectively. It is strongly suggested that the gas-particle conversion of I is dependent on temperature, therefore that would be the reason of the observed complementary seasonal variation of I concentrations in the particulate and gaseous phase.
- Earozoru Kenkyu
Earozoru Kenkyu 10(3), 214-220, 1995-09-20
Japan Association of Aerosol Science and Technology