大型車や小型車の道路走行により発生するタイヤ磨耗粉じんの大気粒子状物質への寄与 Contribution of Rubber Dust Generated from Tire-Dust by Travelling of Heavy-Duty and Passenger Vehicles on the Road to Atmospheric Particulate Matter

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著者

    • 坂本 和彦 SAKAMOTO Kazuhiko
    • 埼玉大学大学院理工学研究科環境制御工学 Department of Environmental Science and Human Engineering, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Saitama University
    • 広田 祐二 HIROTA Yuji
    • 埼玉大学大学院理工学研究科環境制御工学 Department of Environmental Science and Human Engineering, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Saitama University
    • 坪田 美佐 TSUBOTA Misa
    • 埼玉大学工学部応用化学科 Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Saitama University

抄録

In order to investigate on particulate matter emission and generation by the traffic of heavy-duty vehicles on roads, total suspended particulate matter (TSP) were collected at the roadside along major local-road Urawa-Tokorosawa with high-volume air samplers during September 14∼16 and November 30∼December 5, 1992. Concentration of tire-dust in TSP was determined by a method based on the determination of thiophene derivatives generated by the pyrolysis of TSP. During the latter sampling period, ambient concentrations of tire-dust generated by the traffic of heavy-duty vehicles and passenger cars were 1.8∼5.9 and 2.7∼6.0 μgm<SUP>-3</SUP>, respectively. These results suggest that 3-methylthiophene be a suitable indicator of TSP emitted and generated from heavy-duty vehicles, because it is a specific pyrolyzate from tire-dust for trucks and buses. Concentration of elemental carbon (EC), most of which could be emitted by diesel-powered vehicles. Contributions of total tire-dust by heavy-duty vehicles and passenger cars to TSP and EC concentration were <I>ca</I>. 4 and <I>ca</I>. 20%, respectively.

収録刊行物

  • エアロゾル研究 = Journal of aerosol research  

    エアロゾル研究 = Journal of aerosol research 14(3), 242-247, 1999-09-20 

    日本エアロゾル学会

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10002783575
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN10041511
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    09122834
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    4863683
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZP5(科学技術--化学・化学工業--化学工学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z17-1062
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  J-STAGE 
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