Morphogenesis and cell wall changes in maize shoots under simulated microgravity conditions
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: Various plant organs show a spontaneous curvature on a three-dimensional clinostat. Changes in the cell wall metabolism underlying the curvature were examined in maize shoots. In coleoptile nodes, no differences were detected in either the level or the composition of cell wall polysaccharides between the convex and the concave halves. However, the convex side showed a higher activity of (1 → 3),(1 → 4)- β -glucan breakdown, which appears to be associated with the curvature. In the elongating region of coleoptiles, the accumulation of wall polysaccharides occurred in the convex side. There was no significant difference in the glucanase activity between both sides. Thus, the spontaneous curvature in different regions of maize shoots may be brought about through different mechanisms under simulated microgravity conditions.
- Biological Sciences in Space
Biological Sciences in Space 9(4), 337-344, 1995-12-01
Japanese Society for Biological Sciences in Space