阪神・淡路大震災における電気鉄道用変電設備の被害分析と耐震対策 [in Japanese] Analysis of the Damage to Traction Substations by the Large-Magnitude Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake and Earthquake-proof Design Method [in Japanese]
Access this Article
Search this Article
Railway structures and traction substations suffered much damage by the Large-Magnitude Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake in 1995. In electric railway substations, structures were cracked, also a number of pieces of equipment such as transformers and silicon rectifiers were damaged, insulation oil leaked, base anchorbolts were cut, and high-voltage equipment supports inclined, and insulators cracked because of crack in the ground and uneven subsidence. This report describes the survey results of damaged traction substations and explains an earthquake-proof design method for traction substation equipment.<br>We surveyed natural frequencies of traction substations equipment below 170kV. This survey showed that natural frequencies of equipment below 170kV were in relatively high frequency area (about 10-20Hz) than those of equipment above 170kV. As the real dominant frequency of earthquake is several Hz, these equipments rarely cause resonance due to earthquake move, and moving responses are weak also.<br>From the analysis of the gliding phenomena of heavy equipment, it is found that the horizontal acceleration is in the range of 0.4-0.6G. So anchorbolts should be protected from large bending moment. Definite plans are using longer anchor-sockets, stuffing gaps between equipment and base and removing anti-vibration rubber plates.
- IEEJ Transactions on Sensors and Micromachines
IEEJ Transactions on Sensors and Micromachines 120(1), 96-103, 2000-01
The Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan