災害による長期断水時の水確保の実態とその影響要因 Situation of Water Acquirement during a Long Period of Water Supply Suspension Caused by a Disaster and Influential Factors on It
A questionnaire survey was conducted in Kobe and Ashiya to find out the situation of water acquirement during a water supply suspension period following the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake. The main results obtained from 406 respondents are as follows : (1) Personal water acquirement quantity in the stricken area was 1-30, 5-50 and 10-60l·d-1·ca-1, respectivery for the phase immediately after the disaster, for the intermediate and for that just before the restoration of water supply. (2) Tha variety of water sources is quite important for the water quantity obtained in such extraordinary situations, and the sources of wells and storage tanks especially well contributed to the increase of the amount. (3) Family size had an effect to increase the water acquirement quantity in each family, but the quantity based on each person tended to decrease with the increase of family size. (4) Residential location, type of house and kind of water source were also factors affecting the personal water quantity.
- 水環境学会誌 = Journal of Japan Society on Water Environment
水環境学会誌 = Journal of Japan Society on Water Environment 22(7), 587-594, 1999-07