合併以降の都市計画の変遷と都市の変容 -静岡県富士市を事例として- City Planning and Spatial Change of Fuji City after the Administrative Merger
吉原市, 旧富士市, 鷹岡町の2市1町による対等合併が行われた静岡県富士市を事例として, 合併以降の都市空間の変容と都市計画との関係を明らかにした。<br>合併交渉の過程で最も大きな障害となったのは吉原市と旧富士市の確執であった。この両市の確執は, 合併後の都市計画の方針に大きく影響を与えることになった。新富士市では, 工業整備特別地域の指定のもとで工業開発が優先されるなか, 合併後の多極構造を解消することを目的として, 吉原, 富士の両既成市街地間における新都心の建設計画が策定された。これは, 吉原, 富士旧両市のバランスを考慮した結果であり, その後の富士市の都市形成に大きく関わっていくものであった。<br>吉原, 富士の両市街地間では, 行政主導により土地区画整理事業が進められ, 各種公共施設が重点的に設置されていった。これにより行政・文化機能を有する新市街地が形成され, 当初分離していた吉原, 富士の両人口集中地区も連接した。一方で, 既成市街地の再開発が継続して行われていった。富士市では合併以降に公共事業の地域的分散が進み, 市街地の形態や中心性の面でより分散した様相を呈するようになったといってよい。
The purpose of this paper is to clarify the spatial change of Fuji city after its administrative merger with special reference to city planning. The study area, Fuji city in Shizuoka prefecture, was incorporated in 1966 by the merger of Yoshiwara and old Fuji, two neighboring cities nearly the same scale, and Takaoka, a smaller town. In order to attain the above purpose, the author focuses the three following aspects. First, relationship between the merger and the city planning of new Fuji city was considered. Second, to examine the execution of city planning after the merger, overall land readjustment projects and location of main municipal facilities were considered, and the formation of new small urban core in Yodahara-shinden district was studied in detail. Third, analysis was also made to the expansion of DIDs and the land use of DIDs, which has expanded since 1970.<br>The results obtained are summarized as follows:<br>Yoshiwara city, old Fuji city and Takaoka town, each of which had its own central built-up area, merged on equal terms. The feud and conflict between Yoshiwara and old Fuji cities were an obstacle to the merger. As a result of the merger, however, the spatial structure of new Fuji city has become multiple-nuclei one. It was the most critical problem for the new local government to get rid of the feud and conflict which the residents in multiple-nuclei city had.<br>To renew the multiple-nuclei structure of new Fuji City to a better one, the local government planned to construct a new city center between Yoshiwara and Fuji central built-up areas, and started land readjustment projects in Yodahara-shinden and Fuji-chubu districts situated between the two central built-up areas. Local government also constructed many municipal facilities between them. These projects were expected to connect Yoshiwara and Fuji built-up areas. It is clear that the merger in equal terms had an influence on the city planning of new Fuji city. On the one hand, the local government had to redevelop existing built-up areas of Yoshiwara, Fuji and Takaoka. To keep a balance among the previous cities and town was a priority over everything.<br>DIDs of Yoshiwara, Fuji and Takaoka, have expanded to the suburbs centrifugally in accordance with the development of transportation, housing and industry in the outskirts of the city. In addition, DIDs of Yoshiwara and Fuji have been gradually merging. The city planning has brought about urbanization between Yoshiwara and Fuji built-up areas. Then the local planning authority started the infrastructure improvement around Shin-Fuji station of the Tokaido Shinkansen Line in 1988.<br>A lot of development projects, which were planned after the merger, have caused dispersal of built-up areas as well as public facilities. Thus the merger on equal terms has caused the dispersal of built-up areas and functions in the short term, and also has caused reduction of centrality of existing built-up areas.
- 季刊地理学 = Quarterly journal of geography
季刊地理学 = Quarterly journal of geography 52(1), 1-16, 2000-03-01
The Tohoku Geographical Association