末日聖徒イエス・キリスト教会受容の地域的差異に関する研究-山形・富山地域における事例を中心に- A Geographic Study on the Acceptance of the Mission of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in the Provincial Cities of Japan

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本稿では,末日聖徒イエス・キリスト教会の受容と定着の様相の地域的差異について山形・富山地域を中心に考察した.富山地域においては教会員の生家の檀家宗派は浄土系宗派が多く,禅系仏教地域の山形県米沢地域においても同様な傾向がみられた.浄土系宗派の寺院分布が卓越している富山・魚津地域においては布教が難しいが,教会員の定着率は高い.山形県と富山県の受容形態を比較すると,山形・米沢地域においては宗教体験を経て教会員となる場合が多いが,富山地域においては論理的に教義を解釈して教会員となる場合が多い傾向がある.これらの理由として,地域の基層宗教の大枠を構成する仏教では,宗派によって,住民の宗教観に影響を与える教義や地域社会への浸透度が異なるためと考えられる.とくに,浄土真宗地域における末日聖徒イエス・キリスト教会の定着率の高さは,浄土真宗と末日聖徒イエス・キリスト教会を含むキリスト教が教義構造において類似性を持つためと考えた.なお,両地域において教会員の属性には大きな偏りはみられない.1990年代に入り,同教会においては布教の手法と受容に至る過程に分散化・多様化が進んでいる.

The purpose of this paper is to show that there are regional differences in the religious acceptance of the Christian mission in the provincial cities of Japan, and that those differences are mainly based on regional differences in the folk religion.<br> This research confirms that the mission of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is comparatively difficult in Jodo sect regions where there are many temples of the Jodoshin sect or the Jodo sect, in Yamagata and Toyama Prefectures. But numerous church members are apt to be devout Christians. In the regions where many temples of the Soto sect and other sects are located in close proximity, the mission of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is comparatively easy. But numerous church members are apt to be out of the church. Takemura (1996) reported the same tendency in Nagano and Niigata Prefectures.<br> There are various reasons for conversion to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. According to my questionnaire, a number of church members' reason for converting was that they respected the missionaries and understood the Gospel taught by them. In cases that they were guided by the Holy Ghost (religious experience), the location or region they live in seems to make a difference. In Yamagata Prefecture, a number of church members stated that they were led by the Holy Ghost. But in Toyama Prefecture, few gave that reason. In Jodo sect regions, like Toyama Prefecture, a number of church members stated that the main reason for conversion to this church was that they understood the creed. Those tendencies seem to be based on regional differences in the folk religion.<br> As regards reasons why converts came to church in the first place, the proselytizing of missionaries and English conversation lessons were the main ones until the 1980s. But in the 1990s, when the number of church members increased, the reason seems to be that as the church members' proselytizing efforts increased, along with self-referrals a person visits a church of his or her own accord. Cases that people visit a church for events other than English conversation lessons also increased.. Recently the proselytizing efforts of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in the provincial cities in Japan have changed and many new methods of proselytizing have been adopted, which are being widely accepted.

収録刊行物

  • 地理学評論. Ser. A  

    地理学評論. Ser. A 73(3), 182-198, 2000-03-01 

    The Association of Japanese Geographers

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10004827886
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN1016484X
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    NOT
  • ISSN
    00167444
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    5292171
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZG1(歴史・地理)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z8-571
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    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  J-STAGE 
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