Two thin film shape memory alloy microactuators
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The deposition and processing of thin film Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) is presented. By using sputterdeposition technique, 8 to 10μm thick films of TiNi were deposited. Among the features of the thin film SMA, the following can be noticed: large recovery strain; the relation between recovery strain and electrical resistance change of the TiNi alloy, allowing to use the TiNi as a position sensing element; long lifetime; large force-displacement product; high power-weight ratio; simple structural design; and low voltage operation. Therefore, a SMA two way loop actuator as well as a XY stage have been realized. Lift off technique is used to obtain the desired shape of two SMA microactuators. Two SMA cantilevers were folded up from the substrate and bound each other, making a three-dimensional loop. By activating each lever alternately, a SMA two-way actuator was realized. The dimensions of the loop actuator were 2mm in length and 600μm in height. The loop actuator has been successfully operated. It features repeatable motion up to 20Hz and maximum displacement of 300μm at 1Hz.
- The Journal of the Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan
The Journal of the Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan 117(11), 554-559, 1997-11
The Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan