クロソイ幼魚の温度反応 [in Japanese] Temperature Responses of Young Schlegel's Black Rockfish Sebastes schlegeli [in Japanese]
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Studies were conducted to clarify the temperature preference and tolerance, and the effects of temperature on the growth of young Schlegel's black rockfish <i>Sebastes schlegeli</i>. A horizontal temperature gradient tank was used for the temperature preference test. The preferred temperature of the fish acclimated to 15-28°C ranged 17.8-22.8°C, with no clear dependence on the acclimation temperature. The final preferendum was estimated to be about 20.5°C. The upper and lower lethal temperatures of the fish exposed for 72h to eight or nine constant test temperatures ranged 28.1-30.5°C and 2.0-9.5°C, respectively. The critical thermal maximum and minimum ranged respectively 31.2-34.6°C and 1.3-4.9°C. The ultimate upper lethal temperature, which could not be exceeded with elevating acclimation temperature, was 30.8°C. In a rearing experiment, where the fish were fed <i>Euphausia pacifica</i> to satiation for 21 days at seven constant temperatures between 12 and 30°C, the highest daily feeding rate, daily growth rate and food conversion efficiency of the fish were found at 25°C, 22°C and 20°C, respectively.<br>The final preferendum was thus found close to the temperatures for the highest growth rate and food conversion efficiency.
NSUGAF 63(3), 317-325, 1997-05-15
The Japanese Society of Fisheries Science