初期発育期のエゾバフンウニ, 特に浮遊幼生に対する紫外線照射の影響 The Effects of Ultraviolet Irradiation on Larvae and Early Juveniles of the Sea Urchin, Strongylocentrotus intermedius
Planktonic larvae and just settled juveniles of the sea urchin, <i>Strongylocentrotus intermedius</i>, were irradiated with various quantities of UV rays, and the effects 24 hrs after keeping them under a condition 10 L:14 D at 16°C (larvae) or 17°C (juveniles) were observed. The results showed that blastula and pluteus larvae were seriously damaged by irradiation of UV-B (280-320nm) and UV-A (320-400nm). A critical dose of damaging UV (DUV) which induced more than 30% morphologi-cally abnormal larvae was 0.01kJ/m<sup>2</sup> for blastula and 4-armed larvae. It gradually increased to 0.05 and 0.08kJ/m<sup>2</sup> as the stage advanced to the 6-armed and 8-armed stages, respectively. No effects were observed for juveniles after 24hrs of irradiation of 0.7kJ/m<sup>2</sup> DUV, but all the juveniles which received more than 0.2kJ/m<sup>2</sup> died within 1 month. It was suggested that the reproduction of the sea urchin might be affected by sun light in shallow water, since a maximum of the mean daily amount of DUV was reported to be 0.7kJ/m<sup>2</sup> in July, 1994, in Sapporo.
日本水産学会誌 64(4), 606-609, 1998-07-15