1ブローカ失語症者に対する可逆文の構文訓練 : 短い文形式を使用して A Syntactic Program for a Patient with Broca's Aphasia Concerning Reversible Sentences : Using Truncated Sentences

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可逆文の理解障害の治療として,文中の名詞句の格関係を明確に把握させることを目的に,ブローカ失語1例に対して構文訓練を行った.動詞1つにつき,お母さん/男の子,お父さん/女の子の間に動作主と対象という可逆関係を作った動作絵カード4枚を用い,1枚の絵に能動文と受動文,その基礎語順文および変換語順文の4種を対応させて作った刺激文16の聴覚理解と復唱を検査した.結果は,変換語順文が困難で反応は浮動し,誤反応には,助詞の解読と把持の両要因が関与していた.そこで,把持の負担を少なくするために,課題文を2つの2文節文に分けて聴かせてもとの文を合成させる訓練と,課題文を聴かせて2つの2文節文に分解させる訓練を導入し,理解を調べた.その結果,変換語順文の成績が改善し,同じ文型の他の動詞にも効果は般化した.また,失語症構文検査の成績も向上した.短い文形式を使用したことにより,格関係の解読が促進されたと考えられる.

This study reports a new approach to thematic mapping impairment. A therapeutic program is described which was designed for a non-fluent aphasic who has difficulty in interpreting semantically reversible sentences. The materials consisted of four sentence patterns for one picture: active and passive voice with standard and reversed word order. The task required auditory sentence-picture matching with repetition. He made much more errors in reversed word order sentences, which cannot be comprehended through agent-first strategy. Since the problem lies in the impairment of decoding postposed particles, truncated form which means two-word sentences {NP(noun+particle)+V(verb)} were used in order to focus his attention to one particle at a time. Through composing a full sentence from two truncated sentences and splitting a full sentence off into two truncated sentences, he succeeded in improving syntactic comprehension of reversible sentences. The results indicated that he learned to assign the appropriate thematic roles of nouns to their grammatical roles. The improvement in auditory comprehension of sentences was generalized to the comprehension of those containing untrained main verbs and also to the comprehension of written sentences. Thus therapy designed to achieve accessibility to mapping information proved efficacious.

収録刊行物

  • 聴能言語学研究

    聴能言語学研究 16(3), 142-149, 1999-12-30

    Japanese Association of Communication Disorders

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10008102101
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN10091280
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    09128204
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    5278748
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZF1(教育) // ZS47(科学技術--医学--治療医学・看護学・漢方医学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z7-1914
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  NDL  J-STAGE 
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