中高年期における発達的危機および状況的危機が主観的幸福感に及ぼす影響 Effect of Developmental Crisis and Situational Crisis on Subjective Well-being in Middle Aged and Elderly

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著者

    • 桂 敏樹 KATSURA Toshiki
    • 山形大学医学部看護学科地域看護学講座 Faculty of Community Nursing, School of Nursing, Yamagata University
    • 野尻 雅美 NOJIRI Masami
    • 千葉大学看護学部地域看護学講座 Faculty of Community Health Nursing, School of Nursing, Chiba University

抄録

  高齢者の生活の質を高める条件を明らかにするために中高年住民を対象に人生で起こる発達的危機や状況的危機が主観的幸福感に及ぼす影響力を比較検討した。 多変量解析の結果,以下のことが明らかになった。1. 主観的幸福感と有意な関連が認められたのは個人的な成功,家の改築等,帰省,配偶者の死,怪我・病気で,いずれも状況的危機であった。  主観的幸福感を高める危機は帰省,個人的な成功,夫婦別居であった。 一方,主観的幸福感を低める危機は配偶者の死,子供の非行,離婚,解雇,会社倒産・合併・再編,妊娠,夫婦喧嘩,親族とのトラブルであった。2. 性別にみると男性で主観的幸福感と有意な関連が認められたのは帰省,個人的な成功,配偶者の死,怪我・病気,家の改築等で,いずれも状況的危機であった。  主観的幸福感を高める危機は帰省,個人的な成功,昇格等,退職で,主観的幸福感を低める危機は配偶者の死,子供の非行,解雇,転職,離婚であった。  一方,女性で主観的幸福感と有意な関連が認められたのは個人的な成功,退職,転職,家の改築等,配偶者の死で退職を除きいずれも状況的危機であった。  主観的幸福感を高める危機は個人的な成功,夫婦別居,転職で,主観的幸福感を低める危機は離婚,退職,配偶者の死,子供の非行,性的障害,親族とのトラブル,会社倒産等,夫婦喧嘩の変化であった。   今回の結果をみると状況的危機は主観的幸福感にネガティブな影響だけでなくポジティブな影響を持つものもあることが明らかになった。

To elucidate the factors of successful aging we conducted a survey in middle and advanced age, and analyzed the correlation between occurrence of developmental crisis/situational crisis and subjective well-being rated by Neugartens Life Satisfaction Index. The results obtained by multivariate analysis were as follows. 1) The crisis significantly related to subjective well-being were outstanding personal achievement, change in living condition, homecoming, death of spouse, and injury/illness. These were all situational crisis. The crisis improved subjective well-being were homecoming, outstanding personal achievement, retirement, and promotion in status, while the crisis deteriorated subjective well-being were death of spouse, childrens misdeed, discharge, change of occupation, and divorce. 2) In males the crisis significantly related to subjective well-being were homecoming, outstanding personal achievement, death of spouse, change in living condition, and injury/illness. These were all situational crisis. The crisis improved subjective well-being were homecoming, outstanding personal achievement, promotion in status, and retirement, while the crisis deteriorated subjective well-being were death of spouse, childrens misdeed, discharge, change of occupation, and divorce. While in females, outstanding personal achievement, resignation, change of occupation, restructure of home, and death of spouse were significantly related to subjective well-being. The crisis improved subjective well-being were outstanding personal achievement, limited divorce and change of occupation, while the crisis deteriorated subjective well-being were divorce, resignation, death of spouse, misdeed of ones children, sexual disorder, troubles with blood relatives, insolvency, and change in the number of arguments with spouse. The present results revealed that some situational crisis had not only negative effects on subjective well-being but also a few of them had positive effects on subjective well-being.

収録刊行物

  • 日本看護研究学会雑誌

    日本看護研究学会雑誌 19(4), 9-18, 1996-12-20

    一般社団法人 日本看護研究学会

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10008133101
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN00330079
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    02859262
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  J-STAGE 
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